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Announcements

Update on Plans for ICANN Meetings During 2003

Preparations are proceeding for ICANN's three rounds of meetings during 2003:

  1. ICANN's first...

ICANN Announces Nominating Committee Chair and Interim At-Large Advisory Committee Members

Marina del Rey, California USA (20 January 2003): The Internet Corporation for Names and Numbers...

Details on March 2003 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

ICANN's next round of meetings will be held in 23-27 March 2003 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The...

ICANN's Accomplishments Detailed in Report to U.S. Department of Commerce

Marina del Rey, California, USA (9 January 2003)– While the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Advisory Concerning .org Transition

On 1 January 2003, Public Interest Registry (PIR) officially assumed responsibility as the...

Advisory Concerning VeriSign Announcement of Changes to .com and .net Nameserver Behavior

On Friday, 3 January 2003, VeriSign Global Registry Services announced a set of steps relating to...

Advisory Concerning Settlement of .biz Class-Action Lawsuits

In August 2001, two lawsuits were brought in Los Angeles, California USA alleging that the method...

Extended Period for Comments on GNSO Whois Task Force Report

The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) has extended the time for comment on the Whois...

.org Agreement Signed; Transition Plans Announced

Marina del Rey, California USA (3 December 2002) – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

DNSO Transfers and Whois Task Forces Post Reports; Comments Invited

The DNSO Names Council Transfers and Whois Task Forces have issued reports and invited public...

Call for Proposals to Host 2004 ICANN Meetings

ICANN is actively soliciting proposals from organizations seeking to host the three ICANN...

Root Server System Advisory Committee Establishes E-Mail Address for Comments

The ICANN Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) is responsible for advising the Board...

Pre-Registration Open for ICANN 2002 Annual Meeting in Amsterdam

Pre-registration is now open for ICANN's 2002 Annual Meeting, to be held on 14 and 15 December...

Proposed ICANN-PIR .org Registry Agreement Posted

(24 October 2002) – On 14 October 2002, the ICANN Board authorized the ICANN President and...

DNSO Transfers and Whois Task Forces Post Interim Reports; Comments Invited

The DNSO Names Council Transfers and Whois Task Forces have posted Interim Reports and invited...

ICANN Board Selects New .org Registry Operator

Marina del Rey, California USA (14 October 2002)– The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

Seventh Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

ICANN and US Commerce Department Extend Agreement Through September 2003

Marina del Rey, California USA (20 September 2002)– The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

June 2003 ICANN Meeting to Be Held in Montreal, Canada

Montreal, Canada has been selected at the site for the June 2003 meeting of the Internet...

Sixth Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Fifth Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Fourth Update on .org Reassignment Process

This is an update on the status of the evaluation of the eleven applications ICANN received from...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."