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Announcements

ICANN Officially Designates .JOBS & .TRAVEL

ICANN is pleased to announce the designation of two new sponsored Top-Level Domains (sTLDs),...

Proposed Review Procedure for ASO Policy Proposals - Public Comment Forum

Background

According to the ASO MoU, in Section 5 Global Policy Development Process, ICANN...

ICANN Publishes Latest Newsletter, with focus on Latin America

In conjunction with its meetings in Mar del Plata this week, ICANN has published it latest...

ICANN Meetings Open in Argentina 4-8 April 2005

ICANN welcomes the Internet Community to Mar del Plata, in Argentina. This is ICANN's 22nd...

ICANN Publishes Telcordia Report on their Findings and Rankings for .NET

The following is an update on the selection of a successor operator for the .NET registry.

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ICANN Completes Negotiations with Applicants for .JOBS and .TRAVEL

Updated 2 April 2005

ICANN has completed negotiations with the applicants for the .JOBS and...

.EU Update

Earlier this week, ICANN's Board took steps to authorize the delegation of .EU as a ccTLD...

Proposed Change to ICANN Bylaws Regarding Number of GNSO Council Representatives – Public Comment Forum

Background:

  • The Board meeting in Carthage on 31st of October, 2003 voted unanimously to...

AfriNIC Application for Recognition as Regional Internet Registry Public Comment Forum

In August 2004, the African Internet Numbers Registry (AfriNIC) submitted an Application for...

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Policy For Allocation of IPv4 Blocks to Regional Internet Registries

On 3 September 2004 the ASO Address Council forwarded a new IPv4 policy concerning IANA...

Update Regarding .NET Selection Process

Introduction

The following is an update on the status of the process currently underway for...

ICANN Announces New Staff Appointments

Olof Nordling – Manager of Policy Development Coordination

ICANN is pleased to announce the...

ICANN Statement on IDN Homograph Attacks and Request for Public Comment

ICANN is aware of the recent publicity regarding the vulnerability of certain web browsers to...

ICANN Chairman of the Board Wins Prestigious Turing Award

The Association for Computing Machinery Press Release

INTERNET PIONEERS CERF AND KAHN TO...

ICANN Engages Independent Evaluation Team to Review .NET Applications

ICANN is pleased to announce that it has engaged Telcordia Technologies, Inc. (see, ...

ICANN Receives Five Applications to Operate .NET

ICANN today announced that in response to a request for proposals (RFP), it has received five...

ICANN agrees to provide contribution to the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG) Secretariat

The ICANN Board agreed to provide a contribution to the Working Group on Internet Governance...

Procedure for Access to Web-Based .NET RFP Application Form

The web-based application form for the .NET RFP will be available shortly. Bona fide potential...

.NET RFP Question Period is Open

Marina del Rey (December 15, 2004) – ICANN has opened the online question period for applicants...

ICANN Moves Forward in First Phase Commercial & Technical Negotiations with Two Additional sTLD Applicants

ICANN is pleased to announce that the independent evaluation process, which began earlier this...

ICANN Successfully Concludes Cape Town Meetings

Cape Town, South Africa. This week over 735 participants from 91 countries successfully...

ICANN Extends .NET RFP Public Comment

Marina del Rey (December 1, 2004) . ICANN has extended the public comment period for the .NET...

ICANN Announces Selection of Ombudsman

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is pleased to announce that...

New ICANN Staff Appointments: Human Resources and Chief Registrar Liaison

Andrew Savage
Human Resources...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."