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Reference Japanese Label Generation Rules (LGR) for the Second Level

Open Date: 27 January 2017 Close Date: 8 March 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

GNSO Initial Report on the IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Development Process

Open Date: 20 January 2017 Close Date: 1 March 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO

Request for Proposal: NomCom Review

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

NextGen@ICANN Program Opens Application Round for ICANN59

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals who are interested in becoming more...

ICANN and CA Collaborate on an African Law Enforcement Capacity Building Workshop in Kenya

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the Communication Authority...

ICANN Holds the First Capacity Building Workshop for African GAC Members

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in cooperation with the ICANN...


Open Date: 12 January 2017 Close Date: 24 February 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q2 Call on 15 February, 15:00 UTC‬‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q2 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 15 February 2017 at...

Apply Now for ICANN Leadership Positions: Deadline Is 21 March 2017

The ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom) invites interested individuals to submit applications...

IANA Functions Customer Survey Results Available

11 January 2017 – Los Angeles – Today, ICANN published the results of an annual...

Call for Volunteers for the Registration Directory Service (formerly WHOIS) Review Team

DEADLINE EXTENSION – Applications to be appointed to the Registration Directory Service...

Request for Proposal: Assessment of the ICANN Office of Ombudsman

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

Proposed Charter Amendments of the GNSO Business Constituency

Open Date: 6 January 2017 Close Date: 15 February 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN Board of Directors, GNSO, BC

Jamie Hedlund to Take on Senior Contractual Compliance and Consumer Safeguards Role at ICANN

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that Jamie...

Volunteers Needed: Registry Service Provider Program Working Group

Los Angeles – 3 January 2017 – ICANN is seeking volunteers for a working group that...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."