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Announcements

ICANN Publishes ICANN58 By the Numbers Report

Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN58 By the Numbers report that details the...

Public Comment Close Date Extension: GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

At the request of the ICANN community, the public comment period for the GNSO Community Comment 2...

ICANN Holds First Capacity Development Workshop for Pacific GAC Members

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in cooperation with the ICANN...

Proposed Renewal of .NET Registry Agreement

Open Date: 20 April 2017 Close Date: 30 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Call for Volunteers for the Third Review of ICANN Accountability and Transparency (ATRT3) Extended

Represent the global stakeholder community by participating in ICANN Reviews. Apply today to join...

Attend the GNSO Webinar on the Geographic Names at the Top-Level on Tuesday, 25 April

As part of its efforts to engage the ICANN community on the issue of geographic names at the...

Updated ICANN Procedure for Handling WHOIS Conflicts with Privacy Laws Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 18 April 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Recommendations to Improve SO/AC Accountability

Open Date: 14 April 2017 Close Date: 26 May 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

Reminder: ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q3 Call on 27 April 1500 UTC

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q3 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 27 April 1500 UTC. The...

Survey to Contribute Your Views to the Independent Assessment of the Ombudsman Office

Have you ever interacted with ICANN's Office of the Ombudsman? Do you have thoughts on areas for...

Fifteen Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN59

ICANN announced today that 15 individuals from various African universities have been selected to...

Deferral of Country Code Names Supporting Organization Review

Open Date: 6 April 2017 Close Date: 19 May 2017
Originating Organization: Multi Stakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives

ICANN Releases Results of ICANN58 Survey

On 3 April 2017, ICANN published the findings of the ICANN58 Community Forum survey. At the end...

Proposed Fundamentals Bylaws Changes to Move the Board Governance Committee's Reconsideration Process Responsibilities to Another Board Committee

Open Date: 31 March 2017 Close Date: 10 May 2017
Originating Organization: Legal

Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the DNS (SSR2) Review Team Announces Leadership

SSR2 ICANN58

SSR2 Review Team members at ICANN58 (L-R): James Gannon, Ramkrishna Pariyar, Žarko Kecić,...

ICANN60 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating in the ICANN60 Public...

Join our webinar on Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Draft Report

On Monday, 3 April 2017, join the Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Team...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN59 Fellowship

ICANN announces 55 individuals from 43 countries selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship...

Proposal for Ethiopic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) ‬

Open Date: 23 March 2017 Close Date: 5 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

Open Date: 22 March 2017 Close Date: 1 May 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO

ICANN58 Copenhagen GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN58 in Copenhagen has issued its Copenhagen...

ICANN Launches Testing Platform for the KSK Rollover

13 March 2017 – ICANN is offering a testing platform for network operators and other...

Call for Public Comment on the Draft 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced a call for...

Krista Papac Named as ICANN Complaints Officer

10 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, and Five-Year Operating Plan Update

Open Date: 8 March 2017 Close Date: 28 April 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."