Skip to main content

Announcements

Effective Date of the Approved Amendment to the Base New gTLD Registry Agreement

LOS ANGELES – 31 July 2017 – As of today, the 2017 Global Amendment to the base New...

31st July 2017 – Registry System Testing (RST) Site Live

Over the years, several technical testing procedures have been developed to support registry...

ICANN Seeking Mentor for Global Indigenous Ambassador Program

LOS ANGELES – 27 July 2017 - Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN60 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 21July 2017 – ICANN announces 60 individuals from 50 countries selected...

ICANN Publishes Findings of ICANN59 Community Feedback and By the Numbers Reports

24 July 2017 – LOS ANGELES – Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN59...

Fifth Africa DNS Forum to Take Place in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

The fifth Africa Domain Name System (DNS) Forum is being organized by the Internet Corporation...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the RSSAC Organizational Review

The deadline has been extended for the Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the SSAC Organizational Review

The deadline has been extended for the Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the...

Security Framework Drafting Team to Present Draft Framework for Registry Operators to Respond to Security Threats

LOS ANGELES – 6 July 2017 – The Security Framework Drafting Team (SFDT) consisting of...

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System June 2017 Report

LOS ANGELES – 6 July 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes Updated gTLD Marketplace Health Index

LOS ANGELES – 6 July 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN59 Johannesburg GAC Communiqué

29 June 2017 - JOHANNESBURG - The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN59 in...

Kobe and Montréal Identified as ICANN Meeting Sites for 2019

27 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

2017 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Honors Two Members of the Global Internet Community

26 June 2017 – JOHANNESBURG – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Releases its Final Report on Africa DNS Market Study

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is pleased to announce the...

Empowered Community Powers Triggered: FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, and Updates to Five-Year Operating Plan

On 24 June 2017, the ICANN Board adopted ICANN's FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, the FY18 IANA...

GNSO Operating Procedures and ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 19 June 2017 Close Date: 10 August 2017
Originating Organization: Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)

ICANN Holds Its Second African Law Enforcement Capacity Building Workshop in South Africa

Building on the success of the first workshop held in Nairobi, Kenya in January 2017, the...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Session During Johannesburg Workshop

The ICANN Board will be holding a public session during its upcoming workshop in Johannesburg,...

Draft Framework for the Registry Operator to Respond to Security Threats

Open Date: 14 June 2017 Close Date: 31 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

ICANN Announces Global Indigenous Ambassador Program

LOS ANGELES – 14 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes FY18 Operating Plan and Budget Proposed for ICANN Board Adoption

After reviewing the public comments, ICANN published the proposed ICANN FY18 Operating Plan and...

DENIC eG Approved as New gTLD Data Escrow Agent

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that DENIC eG has...

New Report Presents Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 12 June 2017 – ICANN today published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting...

ICANN Launches Gender Diversity and Participation Survey

LOS ANGELES – 12 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."