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Announcements

Request for Proposal: ICANN Designated Agent for Registrar Data Escrow Services

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking to identify one or...

Request for Proposal: Human Rights Impact Assessment RFP

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

Request for Proposal: PTI Service Organization Control Audits

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

"Statistical Analysis of DNS Abuse in gTLDs" Report Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 9 August 2017 – ICANN today announced the publication of the report, "...

Address Supporting Organization (ASO) Review Final Report

Open Date: 08 August 2017 Close Date: 06 September 2017
Originating Organization: ASO

ICANN61 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 04 August 2017 – Today, ICANN opened the Fellowship program application...

ICANN Seeking Mentor for Global Indigenous Ambassador Program

LOS ANGELES – 27 July 2017 - Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the SSAC Organizational Review

The deadline has been extended for the Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the...

15 Successful Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN60

LOS ANGELES - 31 July 2017 - Fifteen individuals from various universities in the Asia-Pacific...

Effective Date of the Approved Amendment to the Base New gTLD Registry Agreement

LOS ANGELES – 31 July 2017 – As of today, the 2017 Global Amendment to the base New...

31st July 2017 – Registry System Testing (RST) Site Live

Over the years, several technical testing procedures have been developed to support registry...

ICANN Seeking Mentor for Global Indigenous Ambassador Program

LOS ANGELES – 27 July 2017 - Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN60 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 21July 2017 – ICANN announces 60 individuals from 50 countries selected...

ICANN Publishes Findings of ICANN59 Community Feedback and By the Numbers Reports

24 July 2017 – LOS ANGELES – Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN59...

Fifth Africa DNS Forum to Take Place in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

The fifth Africa Domain Name System (DNS) Forum is being organized by the Internet Corporation...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the RSSAC Organizational Review

The deadline has been extended for the Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the SSAC Organizational Review

The deadline has been extended for the Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the...

Security Framework Drafting Team to Present Draft Framework for Registry Operators to Respond to Security Threats

LOS ANGELES – 6 July 2017 – The Security Framework Drafting Team (SFDT) consisting of...

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System June 2017 Report

LOS ANGELES – 6 July 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes Updated gTLD Marketplace Health Index

LOS ANGELES – 6 July 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN59 Johannesburg GAC Communiqué

29 June 2017 - JOHANNESBURG - The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN59 in...

Kobe and Montréal Identified as ICANN Meeting Sites for 2019

27 June 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

2017 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Honors Two Members of the Global Internet Community

26 June 2017 – JOHANNESBURG – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Releases its Final Report on Africa DNS Market Study

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is pleased to announce the...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."