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Announcements

Draft Proposal of the New Fellowship Program Approach

Open Date: 11 June 2018 Close Date: 27 July 2018
Originating Organization: Public...

Proposed Renewal of .COOP Sponsored Registry Agreement

Open Date: 11 June 2018 Close Date: 27 July 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Open Data Initiative Datasets and Metadata

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Open Date: 11 June 2018 Close Date: 27 July 2018
Originating Organization: Office of the CTO

Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the DNS Review (SSR2) Restarts

Los Angeles – 07 June 2018 – Today the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Nominating Committee Review: Final Report Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 5 June 2018 – Today, Analysis Group, the independent examiner performing the...

ICANN Board Adopts the FY19 Operating Plan and Budget

LOS ANGELES – 31 May 2018 – On 30 May 2018, the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation...

Draft Community Travel Support Guidelines

Open Date: 30 May 2018 Close Date: 16 July 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN org
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Report of Public Comments Published – ICANN Reserve Fund: Proposed Replenishment Strategy

LOS ANGELES – 30 May 2018 – Today, ICANN published the Report of Public Comments on ICANN's...

Deadline Extension: Request for Proposal for ccNSO Review

LOS ANGELES – 23 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

ICANN Board Approves Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 17 May 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

ICANN Announces DENIC eG as New ICANN-Designated Agent to Support Registrar Data Escrow Services

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN and PTI Publish U.S. Tax Returns for FY17

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN63 Is Now Open

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN63 Is Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2018 – Today, The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Release for Registration one .COM Domain Name with a Single-Character Label: O.COM

Open Date: 10 May 2018 Close Date: 20 June 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Final Proposed Draft v. 4.0 of the IDN Guidelines

LOS ANGELES – 10 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

View the Latest Quarterly Stakeholder Update and Register for the Q&A Call on 14 May

LOS ANGELES – 9 May 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Draft Final Report of the RSSAC2 Review

Open Date: 01 May 2018 Close Date: 10 June 2018
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder...

Request for Proposal for ccNSO Review

LOS ANGELES – 26 April 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Attention Domain Name System: Your 30-Year Scheduled Maintenance Is Overdue!

LOS ANGELES – 17 April 2018 – The Office of the Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of the Internet...

ICANN Receives Data Protection/Privacy Guidance from Article 29 Working Party

LOS ANGELES – 12 April 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN")...

Initial Report on Review of the Customer Standing Committee (CSC) Charter

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Open Date: 11 April 2018 Close Date: 1 June 2018
Originating Organization: ccNSO & RySG

ICANN Organization’s Report on the Draft FY19 Budget Operating Plan Now Due 24 April

LOS ANGELES – 11 April 2018 - Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Publishes ICANN61 By the Numbers Report

LOS ANGELES – 9 April 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Join the Webinar on the Draft Final Report of the NomCom2 Review

LOS ANGELES - 3 April 2018 - Join a webinar about the Draft Final Report [PDF, 496 KB] of the...

CCWG-Accountability WS2 Final Report

Open Date: 30 March 2018 Close Date: 11 May 2018
Originating Organization: Cross Community...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."