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Announcements

ICANN Publishes Documents Regarding the Implementation of the Procedure for Release of Two-Character Labels

LOS ANGELES - 22 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Opportunities to Participate: ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 22 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Apply Now for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 17 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers'...

ICANN Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2021 - 2025

Open Date: 20 December 2018 Close Date: 11 February 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN...

ICANN Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update

Open Date: 17 December 2018 Close Date: 08 February 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Nomination Period Opens For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN65 | Nominations Close 22 March 2019

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to announce the opening...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN65 Is Now Open

Photo of Marrakech

LOS ANGELES – 10 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

IANA Functions Customer Survey Results Available

Los Angeles – 6 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 4 December 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 4 (MSR-4) for Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR)

Open Date: 26 November 2018 Close Date: 10 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN65 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 14 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 8 November 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Annual Publication of Financial Information

LOS ANGELES – 5 November 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Supplemental Initial Report on the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process (Overarching Issues & Work Tracks 1-4)

Open Date: 30 October 2018 Close Date: 12 December 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

ICANN63 Barcelona GAC Communiqué

BARCELONA – 25 October 2018 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting at...

Request for Proposal: EBERO Services

LOS ANGELES – 17 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Call for SOs/ACs to Nominate Fellowship Program Mentors

LOS ANGELES – 16 October 2018 – ICANN's Supporting Organizations (SOs) and Advisory Committees...

The Hebrew Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Competition, Consumer Trust, and Consumer Choice Review Team (CCT) Final Report Now Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 10 October 2018 - The Final Report and Recommendations [PDF, 4.89 MB] of the...

Request for Proposal: ICANN Meetings Shipping and Logistics

LOS ANGELES – 9 October 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Registration Open for ICANN Academy 2019 Leadership Program

LOS ANGELES – 2 October 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces a Webinar to Update the Community on Strategic Planning

LOS ANGELES – 1 October 2018 - Join the ICANN Board and organization for a webinar on 9 October...

Draft PTI and IANA FY20 Operating Plan and Budgets

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Open Date: 28 September 2018 Close Date: 12 November 2018
Originating Organization: Finance

Data Protection/Privacy Update Webinar – Date Set for 8 October

LOS ANGELES – 27 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Postpones Data Protection/Privacy Update Webinar Scheduled for 26 September

LOS ANGELES – 24 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."