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Announcements

The GAC Elects New Chair and Vice-Chairs

With the incumbent Chair of the Governmental Advisory Committee and its three Vice-Chairs having...

GAC Communiqué Issued During ICANN 51 in Los Angeles

The Governmental Advisory Committee of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Olga Madruga-Forti Resigns from ICANN Board

Olga Madruga-Forti has announced that she is resigning from the ICANN Board of Directors after...

Call for Volunteers for Implementation Advisory Group to Review Existing ICANN Procedure for Handling WHOIS Conflicts with Privacy Laws

In Brief

ICANN seeks volunteers to serve on an Implementation Advisory Group (IAG) to review and...

U.S. Commerce Secretary Pledges to Protect a Free and Open Internet

Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker, addressing attendees at the opening ceremony of ICANN's 51st...

Jonathan Robinson Recognized with 2014 ICANN Leadership Award

Jonathan Robinson

Jonathan Robinson has been awarded the 2014 ICANN Leadership Award for his contributions to the...

Revised Enhancing ICANN Accountability: Process and Next Steps

ICANN today published Revised Enhancing ICANN Accountability: Process and Next Steps, a document...

ICG Considering Future Meeting Requests from Community

The IANA Stewardship Coordination Group (ICG) has announced that it is currently in the process...

IDN ccTLD Request from the Republic of Belarus Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN...

Call for Observers to Join Cross Community Working Group to Develop an IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal on Naming Related Functions

In Brief

The organizations that have adopted the charter for the Cross Community Working Group...

Chinese Community Steps Forward for Chinese TLDs - Forms Generation Panel for Root Zone Label Generation Ruleset (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce that the Generation Panel for the Chinese Script Root Zone Label...

IDN ccTLD Request from the Republic of Iraq Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN...

What to Expect at ICANN 51: A Guide for Business Stakeholders

Date: Thursday, 25 September 2014
Time: 17:00-18:00 UTC (Time Converter)

Please join ICANN's...

Results Available for 17 September 2014 New gTLD Program Auction

On 17 September 2014, an Auction conducted by ICANN's authorized Auction service provider, Power...

Proposed Changes to GNSO Operating Procedures

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 17 September 2014
Categories/Tags: Policy...

ICG Announces Fourth Conference Call

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will hold its fourth conference call on...

Alan Greenberg Selected as Next ALAC Chair

Alan Greenberg, a long-time member of the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC), has been selected...

Registry and Registrar WHOIS Service Clarifications

ICANN announces clarifications to the WHOIS specifications in ICANN agreements.

To help support...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Moniker Online Services LLC

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Moniker Online Services LLC

Moniker Online Services LLC ("Registrar")...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Key-Systems LLC

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Key-Systems, LLC

Key-Systems, LLC ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to InterNetwoX Ltd. & Co. KG

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
InterNetworX Ltd. & Co. KG

InterNetworX Ltd. & Co. KG...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to http.net Internet GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
http.net Internet GmbH

http.net Internet GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to AZ.PL, Inc.

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
AZ.PL, Inc

AZ.PL, Inc. ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Cross Community Group Informational Call

As previously announced, ICANN will host a call for the Cross Community Group of the Enhancing...

EXTENDED - Call for Candidates: Seeking Advisors to the ICANN Accountability & Governance Coordination Group

In light of the6 – 27 Septemberpublic comment periodon the Enhancing ICANN Accountability and...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."