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Announcements

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BMW and .MINI TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 December 2014
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Proposed Renewal of .JOBS Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 9 December 2014
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

RSSAC Approves Advisories on Service Expectations of Root Servers and Measurements of the Root Server System

At its regular meeting on 20 November 2014, the RSSAC approved RSSAC001 and RSSAC002, the first...

Call for Volunteers to Participate in Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

In brief

The Cross Community Working Group (CCWG) was formed to deliver proposals that would...

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement with progress update and route ahead
Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

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IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement on Frankfurt Face-to-Face Meeting

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross...

IDN ccTLD Request from Armenia Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN...

Results Available for 19 November 2014 Auction

On 19 November 2014, an Auction conducted by ICANN's authorized Auction service provider, Power...

Policy Implementation Update

ICANN announces the implementation of amended rules for the Uniform Domain Name Dispute...

Public Comment Invited: New gTLD Auction Rules for Indirect Contention

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 14 November 2014
Categories/Tags: New gTLD...

Update from Public Experts Group

The Public Experts Group (PEG) continues its deliberations on Advisors for the Enhancing ICANN...

.MADRID - Introduction of Two Approved Launch Programs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 November 2014
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ICANN 52 Meeting to Relocate to Singapore | Marrakech, Morocco Meeting to Take Place in Early 2016

Community concerns that would prevent maximum participation at its next global meeting (ICANN...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to GANDI SAS

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
GANDI SAS

GANDI SAS ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to IP Twins SAS

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
IP Twins SAS

IP Twins SAS ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Hostserver GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Hostserver GmbH

Hostserver GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICG Announces Sixth Conference Call

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will hold its sixth conference call on...

Extended: Public Comment period for Board Working Group Report on Nominating Committee (BWG-NomCom)

The Public Comment period for Board Working Group Report on Nominating Committee (BWG-NomCom)...

Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP) Part D Policy Development Process (PDP) Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 20 October 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • Policy...

The 2014 Nominating Committee Announces Selection of a Member to the ICANN Board of Directors

The 2014 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to announce the selection of Wolfgang...

The GAC Elects New Chair and Vice-Chairs

With the incumbent Chair of the Governmental Advisory Committee and its three Vice-Chairs having...

GAC Communiqué Issued During ICANN 51 in Los Angeles

The Governmental Advisory Committee of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Olga Madruga-Forti Resigns from ICANN Board

Olga Madruga-Forti has announced that she is resigning from the ICANN Board of Directors after...

Call for Volunteers for Implementation Advisory Group to Review Existing ICANN Procedure for Handling WHOIS Conflicts with Privacy Laws

In Brief

ICANN seeks volunteers to serve on an Implementation Advisory Group (IAG) to review and...

U.S. Commerce Secretary Pledges to Protect a Free and Open Internet

Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker, addressing attendees at the opening ceremony of ICANN's 51st...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."