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Announcements

Proposed Renewal of .CAT Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 28 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

Proposed Renewal of .TRAVEL Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 12 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

GNSO Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Working Group Initial Report

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 5 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Contracted...

Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability) - Input Needed on its Proposed Accountability Enhancements (Work Stream 1)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 4 May 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

IDN ccTLD Request from Greece Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of the proposed IDN ccTLD string for...

Board Approves ICANN Five-Year Operating Plan (FY16-FY20)

On the 26 April 2015, the Board met in Los Angles, California, and approved the ICANN Five-Year...

New gTLD Applicant and GDD Portal Update

30 April 2015 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced...

WEBINAR: Further Discussion on the CWG-Stewardship 2nd Draft Proposal for Public Comment

The Cross Community Working Group to Develop an IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal for Naming...

ICANN Announces Effective Dates for Additional Whois Information Policy and Whois Advisory

27 April 2015 – ICANN today announced that the effective date of the Additional Whois...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to NordNet SA

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
NordNet SA

NordNet SA ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Request for Quotation | Equipment Refresh RFQ

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking one or more...

WSIS Project Prizes 2015 Nomination

Two ICANN projects, the DNS Entrepreneurship Center and Investigating DNS Abuse/Misuse for...

Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN 54

About the Fellowship Program:

Since its creation in 2007, the Fellowship Program has built a...

ICANN Successfully Completes Two Independently Conducted Service Organization Control Audits

2 April 2015 – ICANN today announced that it has achieved the Service Organization Control (SOC)...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .HONDA, .AXA, .EPSON, .HSBC, .XYZ and .COLLEGE TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 31 March 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Proposed Implementation of GNSO PDP Recommendations on Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP) Part C

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 30 March 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Contracted...

Notice of Preliminary Determination To Grant Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request

ICANN has made a preliminary determination that it is prepared to grant a data retention waiver...

Results Available for 25 March 2015 New gTLD Program Auction

On 25 March 2015, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted a...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2017 and 2018

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2017 and 2018 in Europe,...

Japanese Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Japanese Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce that the Generation Panel for the Japanese Label Generation Rules...

Request for Proposal: DNS Study for the Middle East and Adjoining Countries

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

Reference Label Generation Rulesets (LGRs) for the Second Level

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 10 March 2015
Categories/Tags: Second-Level...

Call for RSVPs | GNSO Working Group Newcomer Open House Session | 12 March 2015 at 12:00 UTC

Please RSVP via this form. Remote participation details will be sent the week of 9 March 2015.

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"GNSO Working Group Newcomer Open House Session" Re-Launch

Did you ever wonder what it would be like to volunteer for a GNSO Working Group? Do you have...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .EMERCK, .HAMBURG and .BERLIN TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 2 March 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."