Skip to main content

Announcements

ICANN68 to be Held as Remote Public Meeting

LOS ANGELES – 9 April 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Guidelines for Developing Reference Label Generation Rules (LGRs) for the Second Level Version 2

Open Date: 30 March 2020 Close Date: 12 May 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN's GDD Industry Summit and DNS Symposium Cancelled

LOS ANGELES – 18 March 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Phase 1 Initial Report of the Review of All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs Policy Development Process

Open Date: 18 March 2020 Close Date: 27 April 2020
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

ICANN67 GAC Communiqué Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 16 MARCH 2020 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of the Internet...

ICANN74 Policy Forum Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 13 March 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN’s Open Data Platform Now Live

LOS ANGELES – 11 March 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Public Comment Period Extended: Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team Draft Report

Los Angeles – 3 March 2020 – The deadline to submit comments on the Second Security, Stability,...

Proposal for Bangla Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 2 March 2020 Close Date: 23 April 2020
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Meeting Schedule for ICANN67 Virtual Community Forum Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Implements New Travel Guidance

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Upcoming Middle East DNS Forum Postponed

ISTANBUL – 27 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces NextGen@ICANN68 Participants

LOS ANGELES – 24 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Middle East and Adjoining Countries (MEAC) Strategy 2021-2025

Open Date: 18 February 2020 Close Date: 3 April 2020
Originating Organization: Global...

Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

Open Date: 13 February 2020 Close Date: 31 March 2020
Originating Organization: Office of the...

Revised Community Travel Support Guidelines

Open Date: 13 February 2020 Close Date: 13 April 2020
Originating Organization: ICANN org
...

Draft Proposal for NextGen@ICANN Program Improvements

Open Date: 11 February 2020 Close Date: 31 March 2020
Originating Organization: Public...

Initial Report of the Expedited Policy Development Process (EPDP) on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data Team – PHASE 2

Open Date: 7 February 2020 Close Date: 23 March 2020
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

Application Deadline Extended for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 7 February 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Invitation to Join Webinar on Draft Report from SSR2 Review Team

LOS ANGELES – 4 February 2020 – The second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review...

ICANN66 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Launches Dr. Tarek Kamel Award and Opens Nomination for ICANN Community Excellence Award

LOS ANGELES - 27 January 2020 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Register Now to Participate in the 7th Middle East DNS Forum

Register Now to Participate in the 7th Middle East DNS Forum

ISTANBUL – 27 January 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency (SSR2) Review Team Draft Report

Open Date: 24 January 2020 Close Date: 4 March 2020
Originating Organization: SSR2 Review...

Chris Mondini Appointed ICANN Vice President, Stakeholder Engagement, Europe and Managing Director, Brussels

LOS ANGELES – 13 January 2020 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."