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Announcements

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System Phase I Report

ICANN plans to publish the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System Phase I report in the coming weeks....

ICANN AND ECLAC TO BUILD A COOPERATIVE RELATIONSHIP AND WORK ON SEVERAL AREAS OF INTERNET-RELATED ISSUES

Mexico City, Mexico.
August 2015.

During a bilateral meeting held in Mexico City within the...

ICANN Posts Amended Description of 2013 RAA Data Retention Specification Data Elements and Purposes for Collection/Retention

ICANN posted on 23 March 2014 for public comment a document seeking to clarify what is meant by...

Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the Trademark Clearinghouse

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”) is seeking one or more...

Design Team Review of Plan for DNS Root Zone KSK Change

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 6 August 2015
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

US Circuit Court Upholds ICANN's Defense of the New gTLD Program

Los Angeles, California... The United States' Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has affirmed the...

Initial Report on Data & Metrics for Policy Making

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 29 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

EXTENDED: Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting Organization

The Public Comment period for the Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting...

Proposal for Armenian Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 22 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability Paris Communiqué

Members and participants of the Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability...

ICANN to Resume Evaluation of DotConnectAfrica Trust Application for .AFRICA

16 July 2015 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced...

EXTENDED: Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting Organization

The Public Comment period for the Draft Report: Review of the Generic Names Supporting...

Next-Generation gTLD Registration Directory Services to Replace WHOIS Preliminary Issue Report

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 13 July 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

EXTENDED: Proposed Schedule and Process/Operational Improvements for AoC and Organization Reviews

The Public Comment period for the Proposed Schedule and Process/Operational Improvements for AoC...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2016 | Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

ICANN EXTENDS TIME TO SUBMIT EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST THROUGH 20 JULY 2015

ICANN is seeking...

GNSO Translation and Transliteration of Contact Information Policy Development Process (PDP) Recommendations for Board Consideration

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 29 June 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

FY16 Operating Plan and Budget Adopted by ICANN Board at ICANN 53 in Buenos Aires

ICANN is pleased to announce the adoption of the FY16 Operating Plan and Budget by the Board at...

ICANN53 Buenos Aires GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting at ICANN53 has issued its Buenos Aires...

Khmer Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Label Generation...

Second Latin American and Caribbean DNS Forum Will Take Place in Buenos Aires, Argentina

LAC DNS Forum

When: June 19, 2015

Where: Sheraton Hotel Retiro

The second edition of the LAC DNS Forum is a...

Board Approves Singapore Hub Expansion

As part of its globalization strategy, ICANN established an Asia Pacific Hub in Singapore in...

Root Stability Study RFP

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”) is seeking one or more...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to COREHUB S.R.L.

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
COREHUB S.R.L.

COREHUB S.R.L. ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Announces New Members Of The Public Interest Commitment Dispute Resolution Procedure (PICDRP) Standing Panel

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has selected and entered into...

Proposed Renewal of .PRO Unsponsored Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 28 May 2015
Categories/Tags: Contracted...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."