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Announcements

ICG Completes Its Work and Awaits Conclusion of CCWG on Enhancing ICANN Accountability

Original posting:...

ICANN and EuroDIG Sign Memorandum of Understanding During ICANN’s 54th Public Meeting in Dublin, Ireland

Photo of handshake between ICANN President & CEO, Fadi Chehade, and EuroDIG Managing Director, Sandra Hoferichter

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the European Dialogue on...

Removal of Searchable Whois Service From .MEET Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 22 October 2015
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ICANN54 Dublin GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN54 in Dublin has issued its Dublin...

Preliminary Issue Report on a GNSO Policy Development Process to Review All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens Date: 9 October 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

Call for Participation: Workshop on Internationalized Domains Names (IDNs) in Africa

The Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will be hosting a workshop on...

Thai Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Label Generation...

IAG Initial Report and Proposed Revisions to the ICANN Procedure for Whois Conflicts with Privacy Laws

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 5 October 2015
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Call for Volunteers for Competition, Consumer Trust and Consumer Choice Review Team

ICANN today published a call for volunteers for community members to apply to serve on the...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY16 Q1 call on 7 October 0000 UTC

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q1 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 7 October at 0000...

Transfer Policy Implementation Update

ICANN announces the implementation of amendments to the Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy, which...

Asunción's National University and ICANN Work Together to Enhance Latin American Internet Infrastructure

[Photo: Ignacio Velázquez Guachire, UNA and Rodrigo de la Parra, ICANN]

The first L-Root...

Draft of New gTLD Program Implementation Review Available for Public Comment

23 September 2015 – ICANN today announced the publication of the draft New gTLD Program...

Webinar on New gTLD Auction Proceeds Discussion Paper on Wednesday 7 October at 13.00 UTC

On 8 September, ICANN Staff published for public comment, a Discussion Paper on the auction...

ICG – Sixth Face-to-Face Meeting in Los Angeles

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will be holding its next face-to-face...

Pre-ICANN 54 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 2 October 2015.
Remote participation details will be sent the week...

"The Internet Today and Tomorrow conference"

This is the second edition of our successful event last year, a daylong discussion on how...

ICANN and UASG Announce Results of Universal Acceptance Study for New gTLDs

14 September 2015 – ICANN, in conjunction with the Universal Acceptance Steering Group (UASG)...

Revised Rights Protection Mechanisms Report Now Available

11 September 2015 – ICANN today announced that the "Revised Report on Rights Protections...

New gTLD Auction Proceeds Discussion Paper

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period Opens on Date: 8 September 2015
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Fellowship and NextGen Application Rounds Open for ICANN55

ICANN launches the application rounds for both the NextGen and Fellowship Programs to...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BROTHER, .GEA, .ACO, .SECURITY, .PROTECTION, .THEATRE and .RENT TLDs

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 1 September 2015
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Preliminary Issue Report on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 31 August 2015
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Proposal for Arabic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 24 August 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Syntax Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs Presented in Accuracy Reporting System Phase I Report

24 August 2015 – ICANN today published the Phase 1 report of the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."