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Announcements

Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the At-Large Community

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

Final Report Recommendations of the Geographic Regions Review Working Group

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 23 December 2015
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Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs Presented in Accuracy Reporting System Phase 2 Report

ICANN today published the Phase 2 report of the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System (ARS), which...

The Ethiopic Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Root Zone Label...

ICANN Appoints MFSD as First European Uniform Rapid Suspension System Provider

ICANN today announced that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with MFSD Srl...

ICANN Earns 94 Percent Satisfaction Rate in Annual Third-Party IANA Functions Customer Survey

Today, ICANN announced that 94 percent of IANA functions customers surveyed reported being...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .STUDY, .COURSES, .LAMBORGHINI, XN--3OQ18VL8PN36A, .VOLKSWAGEN, .BUGATTI, .AUDI and .DELTA TLDs

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 15 December 2015
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Fellowship Program Brings Global Voices Together at ICANN | Fellows Announced for ICANN55 in Marrakech

45 fellows from 35 countries have been selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship program at...

The Cyrillic Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Root Zone Label...

Nomination Period Opens For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN 56 | Nominations Close 12 March 2016

ICANN is pleased to announce the opening of the nomination period for ICANN's Multistakeholder...

Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone Version 1 (LGR-1)

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 4 December 2015
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Proposed Implementation of GNSO Thick Whois Consensus Policy Requiring Consistent Labeling and Display of RDDS (Whois) Output for All gTLDs

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 3 December 2015
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Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Operational Profile for gTLD Registries and Registrars

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 3 December 2015
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Continuous Data-driven Analysis of Root Server System Stability (CDAR) Study Plan

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 2 December 2015
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IDN ccTLD Request from European Commission Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of the proposed IDN ccTLD string in...

Mitigating the Risk of DNS Namespace Collisions Final Report by JAS Global Advisors

ICANN today announced the publication of "Mitigating the Risk of DNS Namespace Collisions Final...

gTLD Marketplace Health Index Proposal: Call for Comments and Volunteers

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 17 November 2015
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Guidelines for Developing Reference Label Generation Rulesets (LGRs) for the Second Level

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 5 November 2015
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ICANN Audited Financial Statements for FY15 Have Been Published

ICANN continues to provide accountability and transparency regarding its financial results, with...

ICG Completes Its Work and Awaits Conclusion of CCWG on Enhancing ICANN Accountability

Original posting:...

ICANN and EuroDIG Sign Memorandum of Understanding During ICANN’s 54th Public Meeting in Dublin, Ireland

Photo of handshake between ICANN President & CEO, Fadi Chehade, and EuroDIG Managing Director, Sandra Hoferichter

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the European Dialogue on...

Removal of Searchable Whois Service From .MEET Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 22 October 2015
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ICANN54 Dublin GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN54 in Dublin has issued its Dublin...

Preliminary Issue Report on a GNSO Policy Development Process to Review All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens Date: 9 October 2015
Categories/Tags: Policy...

Call for Participation: Workshop on Internationalized Domains Names (IDNs) in Africa

The Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will be hosting a workshop on...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."