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Data Retention Waiver - 101Domain GRS Limited

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
101DOMAIN GRS LIMITED

101DOMAIN GRS LIMITED (Formerly - "Emerald Global...

Data Retention Waiver - Emerald Registrar Limited

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
EMERALD REGISTRAR LIMITED

EMERALD REGISTRAR LIMITED ("Registrar")...

Data Retention Waiver - Hosting Concepts B.V. d/b/a Openprovider

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
HOSTING CONCEPTS B.V. d/b/a OPENPROVIDER

Hosting Concepts B.V. d/b/a...

Data Retention Waiver - TransIP B.V.

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
TransIP B.V.

TransIP B.V. ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

Call for Volunteers: New GNSO Policy Development Process Working Group to Review All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs

In Brief

The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council seeks volunteers for a new...

Plan to Transition Stewardship of Key Internet Functions Sent to the U.S. Government

Marrakech, Morocco… Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Board Chair Dr....

ICANN Temporarily Stopped from Delegating .AFRICA Pending Federal Court Hearing on 4 April 2016

The Court in the DotConnectAfrica Trust (DCA) v. ICANN matter granted DCA's request for an...

Launch of Registration Authentication Platform for .MOI TLD

Open Date: 2 March 2016 Close Date: 14 April 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

First Version of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone Released

ICANN is pleased to announce that the first version of Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone...

IDN ccTLD Request from Bulgaria Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of the proposed IDN ccTLD string for...

Request for Quotation (RFQ) - Routers Refresh

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking one or more...

Nomination Period Extended For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN 56 | Nominations Close 17 March 2016

ICANN is pleased to announce that the nomination period for ICANN's Multistakeholder Ethos Award...

ICANN Releases Identifier Systems SSR Activities Report

As part of our continuing commitment to transparency and accountability, ICANN's Identifier...

What to Expect at ICANN55: A Guide for Business Stakeholders

RSVP via this form by 17 February 2016

This webinar is an introduction to ICANN and the...

Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN Application Rounds for ICANN56

On 22 January, lCANN launched the application rounds for both the NextGen@ICANN and Fellowship...

Reminder: Nomination Period Open For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN 56 | Nominations Close 12 March 2016

ICANN is pleased to remind community members that the nomination period for ICANN's ...

Pre-ICANN 55 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 19 February 2016.
Remote participation details will be sent the...

GNSO Privacy and Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Open Date: 5 February 2016 Close Date: 16 March 2016
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

The Korean Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Root Zone Label...

Revised New gTLD Program Implementation Review Report Now Available

ICANN today announced the publication of the revised Program Implementation Review report, a...

Results Available for 27 January 2016 New gTLD Program Auction

On 27 January 2016, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted a...

DATA RETENTION WAIVER REALTIME REGISTER B.V

Realtime Register B.V (“Registrar”) submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data Retention Waiver Request...

Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN Application Rounds Open for ICANN56

lCANN launches the application rounds for both the NextGen@ICANN and Fellowship Programs to...

Extended Deadline: Request for Proposal for the Independent Review of the At-Large Community

Extended Deadline: Due 07:59 UTC, 28 January 2016

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report - Register for the FY16 Q2 call on 28 January 1500 UTC

ICANN has announced its FY16 Q2 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 28 January at 1500...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."