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Announcements

Pre-ICANN57 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 14 October 2016.
Remote participation details will be sent the week...

ICANN58 NextGen@ICANN Application Round Now Open

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals interested in becoming engaged in their...

Latin American and Caribbean DNS Marketplace Study

Open Date: September 22, 2016 Close Date: November 1, 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Inauguration of the Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet in Paraguay | Center Calls for Applicants for the First Training Course

The Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet is an open initiative from Paraguay’s National...

Call for Participation - Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process (PDP) Implementation Review Team (IRT)

On 9 August 2016, the ICANN Board of Directors adopted the recommendations of the Privacy &...

Proposal for Georgian Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 15 September 2016 Close Date: 28 October 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN58 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for participants interested in the ICANN58 Public Meeting...

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Selections

The ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee is pleased to announce its selections for seven leadership...

ICANN and LACTLD Deepen Cooperation and Promote Greater Regional Involvement in Internet Policy Development

ICANN and LACTLD Group Photo 1

Photo (from left to right): Daniel Fink (ICANN), Albert Daniels (ICANN), Alex Dans (ICANN),...

Additional IDN ccTLD Requests from India Successfully Pass String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of four additional proposed IDN ccTLD...

ICANN Announces Incorporation of Public Technical Identifiers (PTI)

ICANN today announced that the incorporation documents for the "Post-Transition IANA"...

Call for Public Comment on IANA IPR Agreements

Today, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Trust, the operational communities, and ICANN...

Proposed Renewal of .TEL Registry Agreement

Open Date: 4 August 2016 Close Date: 13 September 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

Third LAC DNS Forum to Take Place in the Dominican Republic

Event: Latin American and Caribbean Domain Name System Forum (LAC DNS Forum)

When: 24–25 August...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN57 Fellowship

51 fellows from 35 countries have been selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship program at...

New Registration Data Directory Services Requirements for gTLD Registries, Registrars to Take Effect in February 2017

ICANN today announced that gTLD contracted parties must update their Registration Data Directory...

Auction for 1 Contention Set Slated for 27 July 2016

An auction will be facilitated by Power Auctions LLC on 27 July 2016 to resolve string...

ICANN Publishes Plans for Upcoming Key Signing Key Rollover

ICANN today published plans outlining the operational processes required to change or "roll" the...

Proposed Guidelines for the Second String Similarity Review Process

Open Date: 20 July 2016 Close Date: 31 August 2016
Originating Organization: ccNSO
...

ICANN Publishes gTLD Marketplace Health Index (Beta) for Community Feedback

Today, ICANN published the gTLD Marketplace Health Index (Beta) [PDF, 2.37 MB] for community...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2019 and 2020

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2019 and 2020 in Europe,...

Draft PTI Bylaws

Open Date: 12 July 2016 Close Date: 11 August 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Public Comment: Proposed Measures for Release of Two-Letter Second-Level Domains in gTLDs

ICANN today announced that it has issued for public comment proposed measures for release of...

Proposed Measures for Letter/Letter Two-Character ASCII Labels to Avoid Confusion with Corresponding Country Codes

Open Date: 8 July 2016 Close Date: 17 August 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Modifications to GNSO Operating Procedures Relating to Motions and to the Chair and Vice-Chair Elections

Open Date: 5 July 2016 Close Date: 14 August 2016
Originating Organization: Generic Names...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."