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Announcements

Proposal for Cyrillic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 17 October 2017 Close Date: 6 December 2017
Originating Organization: Global...

Deadline Extended for the NomCom2 Review Survey

LOS ANGELES – 12 October 2017 – The deadline for community input has been extended until Monday...

ICANN Reserve Fund – Public Comment on Rationale and Target Level

Open Date: 12 October 2017 Close Date: 30 November 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Draft PTI and IANA FY19 Operating Plans and Budgets

Open Date: 9 October 2017 Close Date: 26 November 2017
Originating Organization: Finance
...

Webinar: The KSK Rollover Delay and Next Steps

LOS ANGELES – 4 October 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Pre-ICANN60 Policy Open House

Register Now: Pre-ICANN60 Policy Open House – 19 October 2017

The Policy Development Support...

ICANN Webinar: Data Protection/Privacy Activities

LOS ANGELES – 27 Sept. 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN")...

KSK Rollover Postponed

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") today announced that the plan...

Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Pilot Program Launches

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced a voluntary...

Proposed Changes to the NCUC Charter

Open Date: 24 August 2017 Close Date: 3 October 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN Board of...

Proposed Renewal of .MUSEUM Sponsored Registry Agreement

Open Date: 24 August 2017 Close Date: 3 October 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Proposed Dates for ICANN Public Meetings 2021–2023

Open Date: 21 AUG 2017 Close Date: 2 OCT 2017
Originating Organization: Meetings Team –...

Request for Proposal: ICANN Designated Agent for Registrar Data Escrow Services

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking to identify one or...

Request for Proposal: Human Rights Impact Assessment RFP

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

"Statistical Analysis of DNS Abuse in gTLDs" Report Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 9 August 2017 – ICANN today announced the publication of the report, "Statistical...

Address Supporting Organization (ASO) Review Final Report

Open Date: 08 August 2017 Close Date: 06 September 2017
Originating Organization: ASO
...

ICANN61 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 04 August 2017 – Today, ICANN opened the Fellowship program application round for...

GNSO Operating Procedures and ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 19 June 2017 Close Date: 10 August 2017
Originating Organization: Generic Names...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Session During Johannesburg Workshop

The ICANN Board will be holding a public session during its upcoming workshop in Johannesburg,...

DENIC eG Approved as New gTLD Data Escrow Agent

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that DENIC eG...

Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone Version 2 (RZ-LGR-2)

Open Date: 6 June 2017 Close Date: 24 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Staff Report of Public Comments Published - ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget

On 2 June 2017, ICANN published the Staff Report of Public Comments on ICANN's Draft FY18...

ICANN Issues 60-Day Notice to the Effective Date of the Approved Amendment to the Base New gTLD Registry Agreement

LOS ANGELES – 1 June 2017 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Empowered Community Power Triggered: Approval of Amendments to ICANN's Fundamental Bylaws

26 May 2017 – On 23 May 2017, the ICANN organization sent a notice [PDF, 238 KB] to the...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .PIONEER, .FUJITSU, .OBI, .SHARP, .TOYOTA, and .LEXUS TLDs

Open Date: 8 May 2017 Close Date: 20 June 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."