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Announcements

ICANN Implements Standardized Framework for Release of Two-Character Labels

LOS ANGELES – 13 December 2016 – ICANN has implemented the framework established by the Measures...

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System December 2016 Report

LOS ANGELES – 12 December 2016 – ICANN will host an interactive webinar on 12 January 2017 to...

ICANN Publishes Report on Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 12 December 2016 – ICANN today published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System...

Request for Proposal: Real-Time Transcription Services

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is soliciting proposals from...

ICANN Releases Findings of ICANN57 Survey and Attendance Data

Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN57 participant survey, and the technical,...

At-Large Community Announces Candidates for ICANN Board of Directors

Today, ICANN Staff announced, on behalf of the Board Candidate Evaluation Committee (BCEC) and...

Identifier Technology Health Indicators: Definition

Open Date: 29 November 2016 Close Date: 9 January 2017
Originating Organization: Office of...

Updated Supplementary Procedures for Independent Review Process (IRP)

Open Date: 28 November 2016 Close Date: 10 January 2017
Originating Organization: ...

ICANN57 Hyderabad GAC Communiqué

The Governmental Advisory Committee meeting at ICANN57 in Hyderabad has issued its Hyderabad...

ICANN Audited Financial Statements for FY16 Have Been Published

In support of its continued commitment to accountability and transparency, ICANN today published...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to World4You Internet Services GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
WORLD4YOU INTERNET SERVICE GMBH, AUSTRIA

World4You Internet Service GmbH...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to LEDL.NET GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
LEDL.NET GmbH, AUSTRIA

LEDL.NET GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to DomainInfo AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Domaininfo AB

Domaininfo AB ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Nordreg AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
NORDREG AB

Nordreg AB ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Draft PTI FY18 Operating Plan and Budget

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Proposal for Lao Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Members of the NomCom2 Review Working Party

The 2016 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to announce its selections of 11 volunteers to...

COMTECO, LACNIC and ICANN Work Together to Enhance Latin American Internet Infrastructure

First DNS L-root instance in Bolivia will improve Internet reliability for regional Internet...

Pre-ICANN57 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 14 October 2016.
Remote participation details will be sent the week...

ICANN58 NextGen@ICANN Application Round Now Open

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals interested in becoming engaged in their...

Latin American and Caribbean DNS Marketplace Study

Open Date: September 22, 2016 Close Date: November 1, 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN...

Inauguration of the Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet in Paraguay | Center Calls for Applicants for the First Training Course

The Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet is an open initiative from Paraguay’s National...

Call for Participation - Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process (PDP) Implementation Review Team (IRT)

On 9 August 2016, the ICANN Board of Directors adopted the recommendations of the Privacy &...

Proposal for Georgian Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 15 September 2016 Close Date: 28 October 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN58 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for participants interested in the ICANN58 Public Meeting...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."