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Announcements

Community-developed Framework for Registry Operator's Response to Security Threats Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 20 October 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN History Project Explores the Early Days of ICANN

LOS ANGELES – 19 October 2017 – ICANN is pleased to announce the unveiling of the...

Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) Implementation Guidelines – Second Public Comment

Open Date: 19 October 2017 Close Date: 10 December 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Operating Standards for ICANN's Specific Reviews

Open Date: 17 October 2017 Close Date: 15 January 2018
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives

Proposal for Cyrillic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 17 October 2017 Close Date: 6 December 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Deadline Extended for the NomCom2 Review Survey

LOS ANGELES – 12 October 2017 – The deadline for community input has been extended...

ICANN Reserve Fund – Public Comment on Rationale and Target Level

Open Date: 12 October 2017 Close Date: 30 November 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN Finance

Draft PTI and IANA FY19 Operating Plans and Budgets

Open Date: 9 October 2017 Close Date: 26 November 2017
Originating Organization: Finance

Webinar: The KSK Rollover Delay and Next Steps

LOS ANGELES – 4 October 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Pre-ICANN60 Policy Open House

Register Now: Pre-ICANN60 Policy Open House – 19 October 2017

The Policy Development...

SSR2 Review Team is Seeking an Independent Expert to Perform a Gap Analysis

LOS ANGELES – 28 SEPTEMBER 2017 – In collaboration with the second Security,...

ICANN Webinar: Data Protection/Privacy Activities

LOS ANGELES – 27 Sept. 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

KSK Rollover Postponed

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") today announced that the plan...

Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Pilot Program Launches

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced a voluntary...

Proposed Changes to the NCUC Charter

Open Date: 24 August 2017 Close Date: 3 October 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN Board of Directors, GNSO, NCUC

Proposed Renewal of .MUSEUM Sponsored Registry Agreement

Open Date: 24 August 2017 Close Date: 3 October 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Proposed Dates for ICANN Public Meetings 2021–2023

Open Date: 21 AUG 2017 Close Date: 2 OCT 2017
Originating Organization: Meetings Team – Global Stakeholder Engagement (GSE)

Request for Proposal: ICANN Designated Agent for Registrar Data Escrow Services

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking to identify one or...

Request for Proposal: Human Rights Impact Assessment RFP

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

"Statistical Analysis of DNS Abuse in gTLDs" Report Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 9 August 2017 – ICANN today announced the publication of the report, "...

Address Supporting Organization (ASO) Review Final Report

Open Date: 08 August 2017 Close Date: 06 September 2017
Originating Organization: ASO

ICANN61 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 04 August 2017 – Today, ICANN opened the Fellowship program application...

GNSO Operating Procedures and ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 19 June 2017 Close Date: 10 August 2017
Originating Organization: Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)

ICANN Board to Hold Public Session During Johannesburg Workshop

The ICANN Board will be holding a public session during its upcoming workshop in Johannesburg,...

DENIC eG Approved as New gTLD Data Escrow Agent

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that DENIC eG has...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."