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Announcements

Third Face-to-Face Meeting for the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs (TF-AIDN) to Convene in Singapore

When: February 6-8, 2015
Where: Raffles City Convention Center, Singapore (Room "Fullerton")

Group photo of the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs group

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Joint CWG-Stewardship & CCWG-Accountability Chairs' Statement

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson – CWG-Stewardship
Thomas Rickert, León Sanchez, & Mathieu...

IDN TLDs - LGR‬ Procedure Implementation - Guidelines for Designing Script-Specific Label Generation Rules (LGR) - Now Open for Public Comment

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 15 January 2015
Categories/Tags: ...

Annual IDN ‭ccTLD‬ Fast Track Process Review

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 15 January 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Joint Statement from ISOC / ICANN Meeting

On 17 December 2014 representatives from ISOC and ICANN, along with the chairs of the IETF and...

Selection of Advisors to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BMW and .MINI TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 December 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

Call for Volunteers to Participate in Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

In brief

The Cross Community Working Group (CCWG) was formed to deliver proposals that would...

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement with progress update and route ahead
Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

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IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement on Frankfurt Face-to-Face Meeting

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross...

IDN ccTLD Request from Armenia Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN...

ICANN 52 Meeting to Relocate to Singapore | Marrakech, Morocco Meeting to Take Place in Early 2016

Community concerns that would prevent maximum participation at its next global meeting (ICANN...

ICG Announces Sixth Conference Call

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will hold its sixth conference call on...

The 2014 Nominating Committee Announces Selection of a Member to the ICANN Board of Directors

The 2014 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to announce the selection of Wolfgang...

The GAC Elects New Chair and Vice-Chairs

With the incumbent Chair of the Governmental Advisory Committee and its three Vice-Chairs having...

GAC Communiqué Issued During ICANN 51 in Los Angeles

The Governmental Advisory Committee of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Olga Madruga-Forti Resigns from ICANN Board

Olga Madruga-Forti has announced that she is resigning from the ICANN Board of Directors after...

Call for Volunteers for Implementation Advisory Group to Review Existing ICANN Procedure for Handling WHOIS Conflicts with Privacy Laws

In Brief

ICANN seeks volunteers to serve on an Implementation Advisory Group (IAG) to review and...

U.S. Commerce Secretary Pledges to Protect a Free and Open Internet

Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker, addressing attendees at the opening ceremony of ICANN's 51st...

Jonathan Robinson Recognized with 2014 ICANN Leadership Award

Jonathan Robinson

Jonathan Robinson has been awarded the 2014 ICANN Leadership Award for his contributions to the...

Revised Enhancing ICANN Accountability: Process and Next Steps

ICANN today published Revised Enhancing ICANN Accountability: Process and Next Steps, a document...

ICG Considering Future Meeting Requests from Community

The IANA Stewardship Coordination Group (ICG) has announced that it is currently in the process...

IDN ccTLD Request from the Republic of Belarus Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN...

Call for Observers to Join Cross Community Working Group to Develop an IANA Stewardship Transition Proposal on Naming Related Functions

In Brief

The organizations that have adopted the charter for the Cross Community Working Group...

Chinese Community Steps Forward for Chinese TLDs - Forms Generation Panel for Root Zone Label Generation Ruleset (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce that the Generation Panel for the Chinese Script Root Zone Label...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."