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Announcements

ICANN58 NextGen@ICANN Application Round Now Open

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals interested in becoming engaged in their...

Call for Participation - Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process (PDP) Implementation Review Team (IRT)

On 9 August 2016, the ICANN Board of Directors adopted the recommendations of the Privacy &...

ICANN58 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for participants interested in the ICANN58 Public Meeting...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2019 and 2020

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2019 and 2020 in Europe,...

Fellowship Program Brings Experienced Alumni to ICANN56 Policy Forum

Twenty-five Alumni with previous Fellowship and ICANN Community experience have been selected to...

Plan to Transition Stewardship of Key Internet Functions Sent to the U.S. Government

Marrakech, Morocco… Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Board Chair Dr....

Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN Application Rounds for ICANN56

On 22 January, lCANN launched the application rounds for both the NextGen@ICANN and Fellowship...

Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN Application Rounds Open for ICANN56

lCANN launches the application rounds for both the NextGen@ICANN and Fellowship Programs to...

Call for Participation: Workshop on Internationalized Domains Names (IDNs) in Africa

The Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) will be hosting a workshop on...

Fellowship and NextGen Application Rounds Open for ICANN55

ICANN launches the application rounds for both the NextGen and Fellowship Programs to...

ICANN to Resume Evaluation of DotConnectAfrica Trust Application for .AFRICA

16 July 2015 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced...

Fellowship Program Brings Global Voices Together at ICANN | Fellows Announced for ICANN54 in Dublin

Fifty Fellows from 36 countries have been selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship program...

Khmer Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce the formation of the Generation Panel to develop Label Generation...

Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN 54

About the Fellowship Program:

Since its creation in 2007, the Fellowship Program has built a...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Secura GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Secura GmbH

Secura GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Call for Expressions of Interest to Host ICANN Meetings in 2017 and 2018

ICANN is actively seeking hosts for its public meetings to be held in 2017 and 2018 in Europe,...

Japanese Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Japanese Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

ICANN is pleased to announce that the Generation Panel for the Japanese Label Generation Rules...

Request for Proposal: DNS Study for the Middle East and Adjoining Countries

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

Call for RSVPs | GNSO Working Group Newcomer Open House Session | 12 March 2015 at 12:00 UTC

Please RSVP via this form. Remote participation details will be sent the week of 9 March 2015.

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"GNSO Working Group Newcomer Open House Session" Re-Launch

Did you ever wonder what it would be like to volunteer for a GNSO Working Group? Do you have...

Results Available for 25 February 2015 New gTLD Program Auction

On 25 February 2015, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted...

ICANN Updates Authorization Process for Release of Two-Character ASCII Labels

Today, ICANN is announcing updates to the "Authorization Process for the Release of...

Second Middle East DNS Forum to Take Place in Amman Jordan

What: Middle East DNS Forum
When: March 9-10, 2015
TIMES: 8:00 – 17:30 (please see agenda below)...

CWG-Stewardship Chairs' Statement - Summary of ICANN 52 Meeting | Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions held two sessions at the...

ICANN 52 Board Statement on ICANN Sending IANA Stewardship Transition and Enhancing ICANN Accountability Proposals to NTIA

We have received several questions requesting clarification as to how ICANN will handle receipt...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."