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Announcements

Interim Paper Cross-Community Working Group on Use of Names of Countries and Territories as Top Level Domains

Open Date: 24 February 2017 Close Date: 21 April 2017
Originating Organization: ccNSO/GNSO,...

Recommendations to Improve ICANN's Transparency

Open Date: 21 February 2017 Close Date: 10 April 2017
Originating Organization: Cross...

ICANN Publishes "Identifier System Attack Mitigation Methodology" Document

Today, ICANN published "Identifier System Attack Mitigation Methodology" document, authoring of...

Join the Webinar on the Draft Report of the Review of the At-Large Community

Join ICANN and independent examiner ITEMS International (ITEMS) for a webinar on the Draft...

ICANN Releases Identifier Systems SSR Activities Report

As part of our continuing commitment to transparency and accountability, ICANN's Identifier...

Thick WHOIS Registration Data Directory Services Requirements to Take Effect

LOS ANGELES – 1 February 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Reference Japanese Label Generation Rules (LGR) for the Second Level

Open Date: 27 January 2017 Close Date: 8 March 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

GNSO Initial Report on the IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Development Process

Open Date: 20 January 2017 Close Date: 1 March 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .IKANO, .SAXO, .SCOR, .SANDVIK, .WALTER, .SANDVIKCOROMANT, .VISTA, .VISTAPRINT, .BARCLAYS, .BARCLAYCARD and .HERMES TLDs

Open Date: 12 January 2017 Close Date: 24 February 2017
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q2 Call on 15 February, 15:00 UTC‬‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q2 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 15 February 2017 at...

IANA Functions Customer Survey Results Available

11 January 2017 – Los Angeles – Today, ICANN published the results of an annual survey that...

Proposed Charter Amendments of the GNSO Business Constituency

Open Date: 6 January 2017 Close Date: 15 February 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN Board...

Proposed Renewal of .MOBI Sponsored Registry Agreement

Open Date: 23 December 2016 Close Date: 1 February 2017
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN Publishes Updated gTLD Marketplace Health Index

LOS ANGELES – 21 December 2016 – Today, ICANN published an update to the gTLD Marketplace Health...

ICANN Implements Standardized Framework for Release of Two-Character Labels

LOS ANGELES – 13 December 2016 – ICANN has implemented the framework established by the Measures...

WEBINAR: WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System December 2016 Report

LOS ANGELES – 12 December 2016 – ICANN will host an interactive webinar on 12 January 2017 to...

ICANN Publishes Report on Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 12 December 2016 – ICANN today published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System...

Identifier Technology Health Indicators: Definition

Open Date: 29 November 2016 Close Date: 9 January 2017
Originating Organization: Office of...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to World4You Internet Services GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
WORLD4YOU INTERNET SERVICE GMBH, AUSTRIA

World4You Internet Service GmbH...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to LEDL.NET GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
LEDL.NET GmbH, AUSTRIA

LEDL.NET GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to DomainInfo AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Domaininfo AB

Domaininfo AB ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Nordreg AB

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
NORDREG AB

Nordreg AB ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

Draft PTI FY18 Operating Plan and Budget

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Proposal for Lao Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

Registration Data Directory Services Consistent Labeling and Display Policy Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 21 October 2016 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."