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Announcements

Bulk Transfer of Names from IPXcess.com Sdn Bhd to Above.com Pty Ltd.

ICANN has authorized the bulk transfer of gTLD domain names from IPXcess.com Sdn Bhd to...

Update: The IANA Functions Infographic

ICANN today released a new IANA Functions Infographic which explains how the core IANA functions...

ICG Charter Open for Public Comments

On July 18, the IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) produced a draft charter...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to ingenit GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
ingenit GmbH & Co. KG

ingenit GmbH & Co. KG ("Registrar")...

RSSAC Restructure Update and Statement on RSSAC 001 and 002

RSSAC Restructure Update

ICANN's Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) continues to make...

Universal Acceptance of TLDs Draft Roadmap

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 18 June 2014
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Introduction of Two-Character Domain Names in the New gTLD Namespace

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 12 June 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

.PARIS - Introduction of Approved Launch Program

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 12 June 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

Public Comment Invited: .NGO and .ONG Registry Services Evaluation Process Request – Introduction of Technical Bundling

Public Interest Registry, the registry operator for .NGO and .ONG TLDs, submitted a request to...

Final "Mitigating the Risk of DNS Namespace Collisions Phase One" Report Published

ICANN today announced the publication of the final "Mitigating the Risk of DNS Namespace...

.WED Registry Agreement Amendment - Introduction of Third Level Domain Sales

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 4 June 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

ICANN Registrar Contact Information Database (RADAR) Password Reset

ICANN has taken its registrar contact information database (RADAR) offline temporarily. This...

Remaining IPv4 Addresses to be Redistributed to Regional Internet Registries | Address Redistribution Signals that IPv4 is Nearing Total Exhaustion

ICANN announced today that it has begun the process of allocating the remaining blocks of...

Proposed Implementation of GNSO PDP Recommendations on Locking of a Domain Name Subject to UDRP Proceedings - Revised UDRP Rules

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 19 May 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • Contracted...

New gTLD Auctions Updates – First Auction Confirmed

You can find additional information on Auctions on the New gTLD Program Auctions page:...

Press Release: ICANN Asks Commerce Department to Begin DNS Transition

LOS ANGELES, November 6, 1998 -- The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."