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Announcements

Three Contention Sets Postponed for 21 January gTLD Auction

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is postponing auctions that had...

WHOIS Accuracy Pilot Study Report

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: December 23, 2014
Categories/Tags: WHOIS,...

Joint Statement from ISOC / ICANN Meeting

On 17 December 2014 representatives from ISOC and ICANN, along with the chairs of the IETF and...

Results Available for 17 December 2014 New gTLD Program Auction

On 17 December 2014, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted...

Selection of Advisors to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of...

Second Annual Report on WHOIS Improvements Now Available

ICANN releases its 2014 Annual Report on WHOIS Improvements. This Report is inline with ICANN's...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BMW and .MINI TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 December 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

Proposed Renewal of .JOBS Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 9 December 2014
Categories/Tags: Contracted...

RSSAC Approves Advisories on Service Expectations of Root Servers and Measurements of the Root Server System

At its regular meeting on 20 November 2014, the RSSAC approved RSSAC001 and RSSAC002, the first...

Call for Volunteers to Participate in Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

In brief

The Cross Community Working Group (CCWG) was formed to deliver proposals that would...

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement with progress update and route ahead
Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

...

IANA Stewardship Transition Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions

Chairs' Statement on Frankfurt Face-to-Face Meeting

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross...

IDN ccTLD Request from Armenia Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful completion of String Evaluation on proposed IDN...

Results Available for 19 November 2014 Auction

On 19 November 2014, an Auction conducted by ICANN's authorized Auction service provider, Power...

Policy Implementation Update

ICANN announces the implementation of amended rules for the Uniform Domain Name Dispute...

Public Comment Invited: New gTLD Auction Rules for Indirect Contention

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 14 November 2014
Categories/Tags: New gTLD...

Update from Public Experts Group

The Public Experts Group (PEG) continues its deliberations on Advisors for the Enhancing ICANN...

.MADRID - Introduction of Two Approved Launch Programs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 November 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

.NGO/.ONG Registry Agreement Amendment - Mandatory Technical Bundling of Second-Level Domains

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 6 November 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level...

ICANN 52 Meeting to Relocate to Singapore | Marrakech, Morocco Meeting to Take Place in Early 2016

Community concerns that would prevent maximum participation at its next global meeting (ICANN...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to GANDI SAS

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
GANDI SAS

GANDI SAS ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar Data...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to IP Twins SAS

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
IP Twins SAS

IP Twins SAS ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a Registrar...

ICANN Grants Data Retention Waiver to Hostserver GmbH

DATA RETENTION WAIVER
Hostserver GmbH

Hostserver GmbH ("Registrar") submitted to ICANN a...

ICG Announces Sixth Conference Call

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will hold its sixth conference call on...

Extended: Public Comment period for Board Working Group Report on Nominating Committee (BWG-NomCom)

The Public Comment period for Board Working Group Report on Nominating Committee (BWG-NomCom)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."