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Announcements

The Hebrew Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Initial Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross-Community Working Group

Open Date: 8 October 2018 Close Date: 27 November 2018
Originating Organization: New gTLD...

Proposal for Sinhala Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 2 October 2018 Close Date: 14 November 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Proposals for Malayalam and Tamil Scripts' Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 25 September 2018 Close Date: 7 November 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Register Now: Pre-ICANN63 Policy Open House – 11 October 2018

The Policy Development Support Team is pleased to announce two open house sessions to assist...

Webinar: Proposed Updates to Draft Operating Standards

LOS ANGELES – 19 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Data Protection/Privacy Update Webinar Scheduled for 26 September 2018

LOS ANGELES – 13 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: DNSSEC KSK Management Tools

LOS ANGELES – 12 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Participate Now in the Sunrise and Trademark Claims Survey

GNSO RPM PDP Working Group | Help Us Review Sunrise & Trademark Claims: Make Your Voice Heard

LOS ANGELES - 06 September 2018 - The Sunrise and Trademark Claims survey is now available...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Board Meeting During Genval Workshop

LOS ANGELES – 6 September 2018 – The ICANN Board will be holding a public Board meeting during...

Next Steps On Reviews

Open Date: 05 September 2018 Close Date: 05 October 2018
Originating Organization: ...

Proposed gTLD-Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Profile

Open Date: 31 August 2018 Close Date: 13 October 2018
Originating Organization:

Global...

Meridian Institute to Conduct Independent Review of the Country Code Names Supporting Organization

LOS ANGELES - 31 August 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Request for Information: ICANN Meetings Shipping and Logistics

LOS ANGELES – 31 August 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 23 August 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

ICANN Publishes Comprehensive Guide on What to Expect During the Root KSK Rollover

LOS ANGELES – 22 August 2018 – As the ICANN Organization prepares, for the first time ever, to...

Modification of Domains Protected Marks List Service

Open Date: 15 August 2018 Close Date: 24 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Registry System Testing (RST) Documentation Update

LOS ANGELES – 1 August 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposals for Devanagari, Gurmukhi, and Gujarati Scripts' Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 27 July 2018 Close Date: 10 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Recommendations for Managing IDN Variant Top-Level Domains

Open Date: 25 July 2018 Close Date: 3 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Initial Report on the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process (Overarching Issues & Work Tracks 1-4)

Open Date: 03 July 2018 Close Date: 05 September 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

Proposal for Generation Panel for Myanmar Script Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone

LOS ANGELES – 28 June 2018 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Stéphane Van Gelder Announced as Recipient of the 2018 Multistakeholder Ethos Award

PANAMA CITY – 24 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN org Republishes Reserve Fund Replenishment Strategy Public Comment Report

LOS ANGELES – 22 June 2018 – ICANN org has republished its Report of Public Comments on "ICANN...

Initial Report on the Protections for Certain Red Cross Names in all gTLDs – Policy Amendment Process

Open Date: 21 June 2018 Close Date: 31 July 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."