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Announcements

Register Now to Participate in the 4th Eastern European DNS Forum

BRUSSELS – 2 October 2019

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Releases Community-Wide Survey Findings on Age Diversity and Participation

LOS ANGELES – 2 October 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Registration Open for ICANN Academy 2020 Leadership Program

LOS ANGELES – 2 October 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Register for ICANN66 Prep Week Webinars

LOS ANGELES – 16 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN67 Is Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 9 September 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

First ICANN Managed Root Server Instance Installed in Shanghai

SHANGHAI, China – 3 September 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Country Code Names Supporting Organization Review Final Report Submitted

LOS ANGELES – 3 September 2019 –Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Accountability and Transparency Review: Survey Available for Community Input

LOS ANGELES – 19 August 2019 – The third Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT3) has...

ICANN65 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN66 Statements of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 08 August 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

The Annual ICANN APAC Space Survey is Now Open

SINGAPORE – 15 July 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: Name Collision Analysis Project (NCAP) Study 1

LOS ANGELES – 9 July 2019 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN Publishes a Revised Draft Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2021-2025

LOS ANGELES – 23 May 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Get Ready for ICANN65 Prep Week

LOS ANGELES –23 May 2019– Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN64 Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report and ICANN65 Statements Of Interest Are Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 13 May 2019 – The Fellowship Program Post-Meeting Report from ICANN64 is now...

Webinar Invitation: Evolving ICANN’s Multistakeholder Model

LOS ANGELES – 7 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Alert: Phishing Scam Email From "sales@icann.org"

LOS ANGELES – 2 May 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") has...

Proposed FY20 Operating Plan and Budget for ICANN Board Adoption Published

LOS ANGELES – 02 May 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers...

Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone Version 3 (RZ-LGR-3)

Open Date: 25 April 2019 Close Date: 4 June 2019
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN Publishes Updated Domain Name Marketplace Indicators

LOS ANGELES – 17 April 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

ccNSO Review Assessment Report for Community Input; Join the Upcoming Webinar

LOS ANGELES – 8 April 2019 – Meridian Institute, the independent examiner performing the second...

Updated IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Including Risk Mitigation Measure Evaluation Released

LOS ANGELES – 29 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Call for Volunteers: NomCom Review Implementation Working Group

LOS ANGELES - 25 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN),...

Proposed Renewal of .org Registry Agreement

Open Date: 18 March 2019 Close Date: 29 April 2019
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Proposed Renewal of .info Registry Agreement

Open Date: 18 March 2019 Close Date: 29 April 2019
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Bahrain IDN ccTLD

LOS ANGELES – 6 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."