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Announcements

Initial Report on CSC Effectiveness

Open Date: 16 January 2019 Close Date: 25 February 2019
Originating Organization: ccNSO and...

Amendment to the IANA Naming Functions Contract, Annex A

Open Date: 7 January 2019 Close Date: 18 February 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

SSAC2 Review: Final Report Available

LOS ANGELES – 7 January 2019 – Analysis Group, the independent examiner performing the second...

Proposed Changes to The Registrar Stakeholder Group (RrSG) Charter

Open Date: 18 December 2018 Close Date: 5 February 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN Board...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 4 December 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Two-Week Extension for the Public Comment Period on the Initial Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross-Community Working Group

LOS ANGELES – 27 November 2018 – In order to ensure the community has sufficient time to respond,...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 4 (MSR-4) for Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR)

Open Date: 26 November 2018 Close Date: 10 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

Application for New Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) Dispute-Resolution Service Provider

Open Date: 16 November 2018 Close Date: 4 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

Policy Status Report: Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP)

Open Date: 14 November 2018 Close Date: 24 December 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 8 November 2018 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

ICANN Recognizes Community Leaders

BARCELONA, Spain – 25 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Releases its Final Africa Strategic Plan

ISTANBUL – 20 October 2018 – ICANN's Africa Strategy is the cornerstone of all engagement...

Request for Proposal: EBERO Services

LOS ANGELES – 17 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

The Hebrew Script Community Forms Generation Panel for Developing the Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules (LGR)

LOS ANGELES – 15 October 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Initial Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross-Community Working Group

Open Date: 8 October 2018 Close Date: 27 November 2018
Originating Organization: New gTLD...

Proposal for Sinhala Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 2 October 2018 Close Date: 14 November 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Proposals for Malayalam and Tamil Scripts' Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 25 September 2018 Close Date: 7 November 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Register Now: Pre-ICANN63 Policy Open House – 11 October 2018

The Policy Development Support Team is pleased to announce two open house sessions to assist...

Webinar: Proposed Updates to Draft Operating Standards

LOS ANGELES – 19 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Data Protection/Privacy Update Webinar Scheduled for 26 September 2018

LOS ANGELES – 13 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Request for Proposal: DNSSEC KSK Management Tools

LOS ANGELES – 12 September 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Participate Now in the Sunrise and Trademark Claims Survey

GNSO RPM PDP Working Group | Help Us Review Sunrise & Trademark Claims: Make Your Voice Heard

LOS ANGELES - 06 September 2018 - The Sunrise and Trademark Claims survey is now available...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Board Meeting During Genval Workshop

LOS ANGELES – 6 September 2018 – The ICANN Board will be holding a public Board meeting during...

Next Steps On Reviews

Open Date: 05 September 2018 Close Date: 05 October 2018
Originating Organization: ...

Proposed gTLD-Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP) Profile

Open Date: 31 August 2018 Close Date: 13 October 2018
Originating Organization:

Global...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."