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Announcements

Modification of Domains Protected Marks List Service

Open Date: 15 August 2018 Close Date: 24 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Registry System Testing (RST) Documentation Update

LOS ANGELES – 1 August 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposals for Devanagari, Gurmukhi, and Gujarati Scripts' Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 27 July 2018 Close Date: 10 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global...

Recommendations for Managing IDN Variant Top-Level Domains

Open Date: 25 July 2018 Close Date: 3 September 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Initial Report on the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process (Overarching Issues & Work Tracks 1-4)

Open Date: 03 July 2018 Close Date: 05 September 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
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Proposal for Generation Panel for Myanmar Script Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone

LOS ANGELES – 28 June 2018 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Stéphane Van Gelder Announced as Recipient of the 2018 Multistakeholder Ethos Award

PANAMA CITY – 24 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN org Republishes Reserve Fund Replenishment Strategy Public Comment Report

LOS ANGELES – 22 June 2018 – ICANN org has republished its Report of Public Comments on "ICANN...

Initial Report on the Protections for Certain Red Cross Names in all gTLDs – Policy Amendment Process

Open Date: 21 June 2018 Close Date: 31 July 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO
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ICANN Publishes Updated gTLD Marketplace Health Index

LOS ANGELES – 20 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

The Sixth Africa DNS Forum to take place in Cotonou, Benin

ISTANBUL – 14 June 2018 – On 3-5 July, the sixth Africa DNS Forum will take place under the...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2019 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

Los Angeles – 13 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Appeals German Court Decision on GDPR / WHOIS

LOS ANGELES – 13 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Proposed Renewal of .COOP Sponsored Registry Agreement

Open Date: 11 June 2018 Close Date: 27 July 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Open Data Initiative Datasets and Metadata

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Open Date: 11 June 2018 Close Date: 27 July 2018
Originating Organization: Office of the CTO

Second Security, Stability, and Resiliency of the DNS Review (SSR2) Restarts

Los Angeles – 07 June 2018 – Today the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Board to Hold Four Public Sessions and Board Meeting During Panama Workshop

LOS ANGELES – 7 June 2018 – The ICANN Board will be holding four public sessions and a public...

Update to Short-term Options to Adjust Timeline for Specific Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 6 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Board Adopts the FY19 Operating Plan and Budget

LOS ANGELES – 31 May 2018 – On 30 May 2018, the Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation...

Deadline Extension: Request for Proposal for ccNSO Review

LOS ANGELES – 23 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has...

Deadline Extended: SSAC2 Review Survey for Community Input

LOS ANGELES – 22 May 2018 – The deadline to take the SSAC2 Survey has been extended until Friday...

ICANN Announces DENIC eG as New ICANN-Designated Agent to Support Registrar Data Escrow Services

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN63 Is Now Open

NextGen@ICANN Application Round for ICANN63 Is Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 15 May 2018 – Today, The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Release for Registration one .COM Domain Name with a Single-Character Label: O.COM

Open Date: 10 May 2018 Close Date: 20 June 2018
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Final Proposed Draft v. 4.0 of the IDN Guidelines

LOS ANGELES – 10 May 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."