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Announcements

Proposed Renewal of .org Registry Agreement

Open Date: 18 March 2019 Close Date: 29 April 2019
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Proposed Renewal of .info Registry Agreement

Open Date: 18 March 2019 Close Date: 29 April 2019
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Bahrain IDN ccTLD

LOS ANGELES – 6 March 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

GNSO Council Adopts EPDP Final Report on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

GNSO Council

LOS ANGELES – 4 March 2019 – Today, the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN65 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 28 February 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Proposal for Hebrew Script Root Zone Label Generation Rules

Open Date: 20 February 2019 Close Date: 18 April 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

ICANN64 Prep Week

ICANN org is piloting a new initiative called Prep Week to consolidate all pre-ICANN Public...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 4 (MSR-4) Released

LOS ANGELES – 7 February 2019 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

Recommendations for Managing Internationalized Domain Name Variant Top-Level Domains Published

LOS ANGELES – 5 February 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (lCANN)...

2021 ICANN Public Meeting – Annual General Meeting Location Announced

LOS ANGELES – 31 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Draft FY20 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update - Correction

Originating Organization: ICANN Organization
Categories/Tags: Operations/Finance
Brief...

ICANN Board Reaffirms Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 29 January 2019 – The Board of Directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned...

Community Dialogues on Consumer Safeguards

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Board Creates Working Group on Anti-Harassment

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Opportunities to Participate: ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 22 January 2019 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Apply Now for ICANN and PTI Leadership Positions

LOS ANGELES – 17 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers'...

Initial Report on CSC Effectiveness

Open Date: 16 January 2019 Close Date: 25 February 2019
Originating Organization: ccNSO and...

Amendment to the IANA Naming Functions Contract, Annex A

Open Date: 7 January 2019 Close Date: 18 February 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

SSAC2 Review: Final Report Available

LOS ANGELES – 7 January 2019 – Analysis Group, the independent examiner performing the second...

Proposed Changes to The Registrar Stakeholder Group (RrSG) Charter

Open Date: 18 December 2018 Close Date: 5 February 2019
Originating Organization: ICANN Board...

ICANN Opportunities to Participate: Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 4 December 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Two-Week Extension for the Public Comment Period on the Initial Report of the New gTLD Auction Proceeds Cross-Community Working Group

LOS ANGELES – 27 November 2018 – In order to ensure the community has sufficient time to respond,...

Maximal Starting Repertoire Version 4 (MSR-4) for Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR)

Open Date: 26 November 2018 Close Date: 10 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

Application for New Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) Dispute-Resolution Service Provider

Open Date: 16 November 2018 Close Date: 4 January 2019
Originating Organization: Global...

Policy Status Report: Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy (IRTP)

Open Date: 14 November 2018 Close Date: 24 December 2018
Originating Organization: ICANN...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."