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Announcements

GNSO Operating Procedures and ICANN Bylaws

Open Date: 19 June 2017 Close Date: 10 August 2017
Originating Organization: Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)

Draft Framework for the Registry Operator to Respond to Security Threats

Open Date: 14 June 2017 Close Date: 31 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

DENIC eG Approved as New gTLD Data Escrow Agent

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that DENIC eG has...

New Report Presents Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 12 June 2017 – ICANN today published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting...

Label Generation Rules for the Root Zone Version 2 (RZ-LGR-2)

Open Date: 6 June 2017 Close Date: 24 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Selection of the Registration Directory Service (RDS/WHOIS2-RT) Review Team Members Announced

TodayICANNannounced the selection of a 14-member team to conduct the Registration Directory...

ICANN Issues 60-Day Notice to the Effective Date of the Approved Amendment to the Base New gTLD Registry Agreement

LOS ANGELES – 1 June 2017 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Issues Report - ccNSO PDP Retirement and Review Mechanism

Open Date: 24 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Country code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .PIONEER, .FUJITSU, .OBI, .SHARP, .TOYOTA, and .LEXUS TLDs

Open Date: 8 May 2017 Close Date: 20 June 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Independent Examiner Issues Final Report on Review of the At-Large Organization

After extensive consultation with the At-Large and the broader ICANN community, including a...

Revised ICANN Procedure for Handling Whois Conflicts with Privacy Law: Assessment and Next Steps Now Available for Public Comment

LOS ANGELES – 3 May 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Deferral of Country Code Names Supporting Organization Review

Open Date: 6 April 2017 Close Date: 19 May 2017
Originating Organization: Multi Stakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives

Proposed Fundamentals Bylaws Changes to Move the Board Governance Committee's Reconsideration Process Responsibilities to Another Board Committee

Open Date: 31 March 2017 Close Date: 10 May 2017
Originating Organization: Legal

Proposal for Ethiopic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) ‬

Open Date: 23 March 2017 Close Date: 5 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

Open Date: 22 March 2017 Close Date: 1 May 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO

Call for Public Comment on the Draft 2016 African Domain Name System Market Study

Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced a call for...

Krista Papac Named as ICANN Complaints Officer

10 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) Implementation Guidelines

Open Date: 3 March 2017 Close Date: 17 April 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Now Open | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

Interim Paper Cross-Community Working Group on Use of Names of Countries and Territories as Top Level Domains

Open Date: 24 February 2017 Close Date: 21 April 2017
Originating Organization: ccNSO/GNSO, Chartering Organizations

Recommendations to Improve ICANN's Transparency

Open Date: 21 February 2017 Close Date: 10 April 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

ICANN Publishes "Identifier System Attack Mitigation Methodology" Document

Today, ICANN published "Identifier System Attack Mitigation Methodology" document, authoring of...

Join the Webinar on the Draft Report of the Review of the At-Large Community

Join ICANN and independent examiner ITEMS International (ITEMS) for a webinar on the Draft Report...

ICANN Releases Identifier Systems SSR Activities Report

As part of our continuing commitment to transparency and accountability, ICANN's Identifier...

Thick WHOIS Registration Data Directory Services Requirements to Take Effect

LOS ANGELES – 1 February 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."