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Announcements

ICANN Fellowship Program Application Process Review

Open Date: 14 June 2016 Close Date: 29 July 2016
Originating Organization: Development and...

NextGen@ICANN Application Round Opens for ICANN57

ICANN is looking for the next generation of individuals who are interested in becoming more...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2017 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

ICANN EXTENDS TIME TO SUBMIT EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST THROUGH 30 JUNE 2016.

ICANN is seeking...

Report on Public Comments on Draft FY17 Operating Plan and Budget and Five-Year Operating Plan Update Now Available

ICANN has published its report on public comments [PDF, 1.83 MB] for the draft plans for FY17,...

Reference Label Generation Rulesets (LGRs) for the Second Level

Open Date: 7 June 2016 Close Date: 18 July 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Policy Implementation Update

ICANN announces the implementation of amendments to the Transfer Policy and the Transfer Dispute...

Draft Restated Articles of Incorporation

Open Date: 27 May 2016 Close Date: 6 July 2016
Originating Organization: ICANN
...

Revisions to ICANN Expected Standards of Behaviors

Open Date: 16 May 2016 Close Date: 25 June 2016
Originating Organization: Legal
...

Recordings of Calls with Community on Public Comments Submitted on the Draft FY17 Operating Plan and Budget Now Available

ICANN held community calls during which the comments submitted on the Draft FY17 Operating Plan...

Important Update from Constituency Travel

ICANN Travel Provider Change Is Complete

On 31 March 2016, ICANN transitioned its travel support...

ICANN and COMTELCA to Work Together to Increase Mesoamerican Government Participation in ICANN

Members of ICANN and the Regional Technical Commission of Telecommunications (COMTELCA)

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 4 May 2016 – ICANN and the Regional Technical Commission of...

15 Successful Candidates Have Been Selected for NextGen@ICANN56 Policy Forum

15 individuals from various Universities in Europe have been selected to participate with ICANN...

Fellowship Application Round Opens for ICANN57

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating at the ICANN57...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .TORAY and .PICTET TLDs

Open Date: 28 March 2016 Close Date: 10 May 2016
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Call for Volunteers: New GNSO Policy Development Process Working Group to Review All Rights Protection Mechanisms in All gTLDs

In Brief

The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Council seeks volunteers for a new...

Plan to Transition Stewardship of Key Internet Functions Sent to the U.S. Government

Marrakech, Morocco… Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Board Chair Dr....

IDN ccTLD Request from Bulgaria Successfully Passes String Evaluation

ICANN is pleased to announce the successful evaluation of the proposed IDN ccTLD string for...

Request for Quotation (RFQ) - Routers Refresh

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking one or more...

Nomination Period Extended For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN 56 | Nominations Close 17 March 2016

ICANN is pleased to announce that the nomination period for ICANN's Multistakeholder Ethos Award...

What to Expect at ICANN55: A Guide for Business Stakeholders

RSVP via this form by 17 February 2016

This webinar is an introduction to ICANN and the...

Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN Application Rounds for ICANN56

On 22 January, lCANN launched the application rounds for both the NextGen@ICANN and Fellowship...

Reminder: Nomination Period Open For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN 56 | Nominations Close 12 March 2016

ICANN is pleased to remind community members that the nomination period for ICANN's ...

Experienced Technology Leader Named as ICANN President and CEO

Göran Marby, an experienced business executive and government leader, has been named the next...

Pre-ICANN 55 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 19 February 2016.
Remote participation details will be sent the...

GNSO Privacy and Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Policy Development Process Recommendations for ICANN Board Consideration

Open Date: 5 February 2016 Close Date: 16 March 2016
Originating Organization: GNSO
...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."