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Announcements

Reminder: ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q3 Call on 27 April 1500 UTC‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q3 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 27 April 1500 UTC....

Public Comment Close Date Extension: GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

At the request of the ICANN community, the public comment period for the GNSO Community Comment 2...

Attend the GNSO Webinar on the Geographic Names at the Top-Level on Tuesday, 25 April

As part of its efforts to engage the ICANN community on the issue of geographic names at the...

Recommendations to Improve SO/AC Accountability

Open Date: 14 April 2017 Close Date: 26 May 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community...

Survey to Contribute Your Views to the Independent Assessment of the Ombudsman Office

Have you ever interacted with ICANN's Office of the Ombudsman? Do you have thoughts on areas for...

ICANN60 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating in the ICANN60 Public...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN59 Fellowship

ICANN announces 55 individuals from 43 countries selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship...

Proposal for Ethiopic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) ‬

Open Date: 23 March 2017 Close Date: 5 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains...

Krista Papac Named as ICANN Complaints Officer

10 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced...

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Now Open | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

Apply Now for Public Technical Identifiers (PTI) Director Positions: Deadline Is 21 March 2017

The ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom) invites interested individuals to submit applications...

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN59 | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

GNSO Initial Report on the IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Development Process

Open Date: 20 January 2017 Close Date: 1 March 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO
...

Jamie Hedlund to Take on Senior Contractual Compliance and Consumer Safeguards Role at ICANN

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today announced that Jamie...

ICANN59 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

ICANN launches the application round for ICANN59. This round is open only for Fellowship Program...

ICANN Publishes Report on Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs

LOS ANGELES – 12 December 2016 – ICANN today published the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting System...

Request for Proposal: Real-Time Transcription Services

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is soliciting proposals from...

ICANN Releases Findings of ICANN57 Survey and Attendance Data

Today, ICANN published the results of the ICANN57 participant survey, and the technical,...

Identifier Technology Health Indicators: Definition

Open Date: 29 November 2016 Close Date: 9 January 2017
Originating Organization: Office of...

Updated Supplementary Procedures for Independent Review Process (IRP)

Open Date: 28 November 2016 Close Date: 10 January 2017
Originating Organization: ...

ICANN Audited Financial Statements for FY16 Have Been Published

In support of its continued commitment to accountability and transparency, ICANN today published...

Proposal for Lao Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR)

Open Date: 24 October 2016 Close Date: 10 December 2016
Originating Organization: Global...

What to Expect at ICANN57: A Guide for Business Stakeholders

RSVP via this form
or
Send an email to businessengagement@icann.org

This webinar is an...

ICANN 2016 Nominating Committee Announces Members of the NomCom2 Review Working Party

The 2016 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to announce its selections of 11 volunteers to...

COMTECO, LACNIC and ICANN Work Together to Enhance Latin American Internet Infrastructure

First DNS L-root instance in Bolivia will improve Internet reliability for regional Internet...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."