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Announcements

Second Middle East DNS Forum to Take Place in Amman Jordan

What: Middle East DNS Forum
When: March 9-10, 2015
TIMES: 8:00 – 17:30 (please see agenda below)...

CWG-Stewardship Chairs' Statement - Summary of ICANN 52 Meeting | Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson

The Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions held two sessions at the...

ICANN 52 Board Statement on ICANN Sending IANA Stewardship Transition and Enhancing ICANN Accountability Proposals to NTIA

We have received several questions requesting clarification as to how ICANN will handle receipt...

CWG-Stewardship Publishes Discussion Document for ICANN 52

The CWG-Stewardship has created a Discussion Document [PDF, 447 KB] for the ICANN 52 meeting in...

IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group - Fourth Face-to-Face Meeting & Public Session at ICANN 52

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) will be holding its next face-to-face...

Generation Panel for the Armenian Script ‭Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) Seated‬‬‬‬

ICANN is pleased to announce that the Generation Panel for the Armenian Script Root Zone Label...

Draft Report: Rights Protection Mechanisms Review

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 2 February 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group – Announcement Regarding Community Comments

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG)'s Request for Proposals [PDF, 84 KB]...

Selection of International Law Advisor to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of the...

Third Face-to-Face Meeting for the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs (TF-AIDN) to Convene in Singapore

When: February 6-8, 2015
Where: Raffles City Convention Center, Singapore (Room "Fullerton")

Group photo of the Task Force on Arabic Script IDNs group

...

Joint CWG-Stewardship & CCWG-Accountability Chairs' Statement

Lise Fuhr & Jonathan Robinson – CWG-Stewardship
Thomas Rickert, León Sanchez, & Mathieu...

Webinars Scheduled to Explain Public Comment Enhancements

In addressing recommendations from the recent efforts of the second Accountability and...

IDN TLDs - LGR‬ Procedure Implementation - Guidelines for Designing Script-Specific Label Generation Rules (LGR) - Now Open for Public Comment

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 15 January 2015
Categories/Tags: ...

Annual IDN ‭ccTLD‬ Fast Track Process Review

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 15 January 2015
Categories/Tags: Top-Level...

Pre-ICANN 52 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 23 January 2015.
Remote participation details will be sent the week...

ICG Concludes Selection of Secretariat Contractor

The IANA Stewardship Transition Coordination Group (ICG) has concluded the process of selecting...

CWG-Stewardship Chairs' Statement - Weekend Sessions 10-11 January 2015

The Cross Community Working Group (CWG) on Naming Related Functions held an intensive work...

WHOIS Accuracy Pilot Study Report

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: December 23, 2014
Categories/Tags: WHOIS,...

Joint Statement from ISOC / ICANN Meeting

On 17 December 2014 representatives from ISOC and ICANN, along with the chairs of the IETF and...

Results Available for 17 December 2014 New gTLD Program Auction

On 17 December 2014, Power Auctions LLC, ICANN's authorized auction service provider, conducted...

Selection of Advisors to the Enhancing ICANN Accountability Process

The Accountability & Governance Public Experts Group (PEG) announces the selection of...

Second Annual Report on WHOIS Improvements Now Available

ICANN releases its 2014 Annual Report on WHOIS Improvements. This Report is inline with ICANN's...

Release of Country and Territory Names within the .BMW and .MINI TLDs

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 11 December 2014
Categories/Tags:
  • ...

Proposed Renewal of .JOBS Sponsored TLD Registry Agreement

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 9 December 2014
Categories/Tags: Contracted...
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."