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Announcements

Request for Proposal: ICANN Designated Agent for Registrar Data Escrow Services

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking to identify one or...

Request for Proposal: Human Rights Impact Assessment RFP

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ("ICANN") is seeking a provider to...

ICANN61 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

LOS ANGELES – 04 August 2017 – Today, ICANN opened the Fellowship program application...

2017 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Honors Two Members of the Global Internet Community

26 June 2017 – JOHANNESBURG – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

ICANN Releases its Final Report on Africa DNS Market Study

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is pleased to announce the...

ICANN Board to Hold Public Session During Johannesburg Workshop

The ICANN Board will be holding a public session during its upcoming workshop in Johannesburg,...

ICANN Launches New Empowered Community Webpages

25 May 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

Pre-ICANN59 Policy Update Webinar

Please RSVP via this form by 13 June 2017.
You will receive remote participation details the week...

Proposed Implementation of GNSO Consensus Policy Recommendations for the Protection of IGO&INGO Identifiers in All gTLDs

Open Date: 17 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Draft Framework of Interpretation for Human Rights

Open Date: 5 May 2017 Close Date: 16 June 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

The ICANN History Project Goes Live

LOS ANGELES – 4 May 2017 – ICANN is pleased to announce the launch of the ICANN...

Independent Examiner Issues Final Report on Review of the At-Large Organization

After extensive consultation with the At-Large and the broader ICANN community, including a...

Reminder: ICANN Quarterly Stakeholder Report – Register for the FY17 Q3 Call on 27 April 1500 UTC‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

ICANN has announced its FY17 Q3 Stakeholder Call, which will take place on 27 April 1500 UTC. The...

Public Comment Close Date Extension: GNSO Community Comment 2 (CC2) on New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process

At the request of the ICANN community, the public comment period for the GNSO Community Comment 2...

Attend the GNSO Webinar on the Geographic Names at the Top-Level on Tuesday, 25 April

As part of its efforts to engage the ICANN community on the issue of geographic names at the...

Recommendations to Improve SO/AC Accountability

Open Date: 14 April 2017 Close Date: 26 May 2017
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

Survey to Contribute Your Views to the Independent Assessment of the Ombudsman Office

Have you ever interacted with ICANN's Office of the Ombudsman? Do you have thoughts on areas for...

ICANN60 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

lCANN launches the application round for those interested in participating in the ICANN60 Public...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN59 Fellowship

ICANN announces 55 individuals from 43 countries selected to participate in ICANN's Fellowship...

Proposal for Ethiopic Script Root Zone‬ Label Generation Rules (LGR) ‬

Open Date: 23 March 2017 Close Date: 5 May 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division

Krista Papac Named as ICANN Complaints Officer

10 March 2017 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today...

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award Now Open | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

Apply Now for Public Technical Identifiers (PTI) Director Positions: Deadline Is 21 March 2017

The ICANN Nominating Committee (NomCom) invites interested individuals to submit applications...

Reminder: Nomination Period For ICANN Multistakeholder Ethos Award | Award Targeted for ICANN59 | Nominations Close 20 March 2017

Submit Nominations Via the Ethos Award Nomination Form

ICANN is pleased to remind community...

GNSO Initial Report on the IGO-INGO Access to Curative Rights Protection Mechanisms Policy Development Process

Open Date: 20 January 2017 Close Date: 1 March 2017
Originating Organization: GNSO
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."