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Announcements

Methodology Review of the Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) System

LOS ANGELES – 20 July 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

ICANN Request to Preserve WHOIS Data Referred to German Appeal Court

LOS ANGELES – 19 July 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

How to Get Involved: Launch of the EPDP on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

Launched: Expedited Policy Development Process on Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data | Get involved! | Mailing List, Transcripts, Audio Streams

LOS ANGELES – 19 July 2018 – Today, the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)...

2018 Nominating Committee Update on Candidate Selections

LOS ANGELES – 17 July 2018 – The 2018 Nominating Committee (NomCom) is pleased to...

Successful Candidates Announced for ICANN63 Fellowship

LOS ANGELES – 16 July 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

Root Server System Advisory Committee Review: Final Report Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 10 July 2018 – Today, Interisle Consulting Group, LLC, the independent...

Initial Report on the New gTLD Subsequent Procedures Policy Development Process (Overarching Issues & Work Tracks 1-4)

Open Date: 03 July 2018 Close Date: 05 September 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO

Expressions of Interest Sought for Chair of GNSO EPDP on the Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data

LOS ANGELES – 2 July 2018 – The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) is looking for...

ICANN62 Panama City GAC Communiqué

PANAMA CITY – 28 June 2018 – Today, the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) meeting...

Proposal for Generation Panel for Myanmar Script Label Generation Ruleset for the Root Zone

LOS ANGELES – 28 June 2018 –The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Update to Short-term and Long-Term Options to Adjust the Timeline for Specific Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 27 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

2020 ICANN Public Meeting Locations Announced

LOS ANGELES – 25 June 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and...

2018 Multistakeholder Ethos Award Honors Stéphane Van Gelder

ICANN announces Stéphane Van Gelder as 2018 Multistakeholder Ethos Award recipient

PANAMA CITY – 25 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

Stéphane Van Gelder Announced as Recipient of the 2018 Multistakeholder Ethos Award

PANAMA CITY – 24 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is...

ICANN org Republishes Reserve Fund Replenishment Strategy Public Comment Report

LOS ANGELES – 22 June 2018 – ICANN org has republished its Report of Public Comments...

The Independent Review Process Implementation Oversight Team (IRP-IOT) Draft Recommendations

Open Date: 22 June 2018 Close Date: 10 August 2018
Originating Organization: Cross Community Working Group on Enhancing ICANN Accountability (CCWG-Accountability)

German Regional Court to Revisit Ruling in Injunction Proceedings on Request to Preserve WHOIS data

LOS ANGELES – 21 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Initial Report on the Protections for Certain Red Cross Names in all gTLDs – Policy Amendment Process

Open Date: 21 June 2018 Close Date: 31 July 2018
Originating Organization: GNSO

SSAC2 Review: Assessment Report Published for Community Input

LOS ANGELES – 21 June 2018 – Analysis Group, the independent examiner performing the...

ICANN Publishes Updated gTLD Marketplace Health Index

LOS ANGELES – 20 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Names and Numbers (ICANN)...

ICANN Announces Calls-to-Action for Community Participation in ICANN Reviews

LOS ANGELES – 19 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

New WHOIS ARS Report (Phase 2 Cycle 6) Now Available

LOS ANGELES – 15 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

The Sixth Africa DNS Forum to take place in Cotonou, Benin

ISTANBUL – 14 June 2018 – On 3-5 July, the sixth Africa DNS Forum will take place...

Call for Expressions of Interest for 2019 Nominating Committee Chair and Chair-Elect

Los Angeles – 13 June 2018 – The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers...

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."