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Transfert de la supervision des fonctions IANA par la NTIA - Processus pour élaborer la proposition et prochaines étapes

L'ICANN a publié aujourd'hui un document intitulé Processus pour élaborer la proposition et prochaines étapes, qui représente l'aboutissement d'une série de discussions et de contributions de la communauté concernant l'élaboration d'une proposition pour mettre en place le transfert de la supervision des fonctions IANA à la communauté multipartite (pour en savoir plus, voir le Portail sur le transfert de la supervision des fonctions IANA par la NTIA).

Le document recueille le large éventail de points de vue exprimés dans différents forums et établit la création d'un groupe de coordination et sa composition. Il invite également les communautés représentées dans le groupe de coordination à lancer leurs propres processus internes pour sélectionner leurs représentants avant le 2 juillet 2014 à 23h59 UTC, conformément au nombre de sièges qui leur ont été attribués.


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."