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ICANN 安全、稳定与弹性 (SSR) 团队针对域名滥用活动报告 (DAAR) 审核的公众意见做出回应

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洛杉矶——2019 年 2 月 1 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日发布了针对域名滥用活动报告 (Domain Abuse Activity Reporting, DAAR) 方法论文的公众意见摘要。首席技术官办公室下属的安全、稳定和弹性团队 (OCTO-SSR) 审慎审核了 ICANN 社群所提交的公众意见,并针对具有相关性的评论提供了回复。

域名滥用活动报告 (DAAR) 旨在向 ICANN 社群提供持久、可靠、可复制的数据,从而可用于进行安全威胁(滥用)分析工作。

为了建立人们对 DAAR 系统的信任,ICANN 组织现已聘请了两名独立专家审核这篇方法论文、针对威胁数据提出意见并体验这套报告系统。

为了进一步整合社群对 DAAR 的看法和独立审核意见,ICANN 组织于 2018 年 7 月 20 日至 2018 年 8 月 24 日期间请求公众提出反馈意见。审核人和评论人提出的结论和建议将被纳入该方法论文的终稿,以及日后对 DAAR 系统进行的修正。

请点击以下链接查看 DAAR 方法论文、审核建议和公众意见:

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."