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2014年11月19日,ICANN授权拍卖服务提供商Power Auctions LLC公司举办了一场拍卖会,以解决".DOT"这一新通用顶级域名(gTLD)的字符串争议集问题。该字符串的两位申请人,Charleston Road Registry Inc.公司和Dish DBS Corporation公司在私下就这一争议集的归属问题无法达成一致意见,因而双方决定按照《申请人指导手册》模块4中规定使用的最终解决方案——拍卖——来决定字符串的归属。在支付了拍卖成交费用并满足了所有合格标准后,拍卖流程的赢家将准备签署《注册局协议》,以启动对其所得gTLD的运营。

字符串"DOT"的两名申请人参与了本次拍卖会。Dish DBS Corporation公司以700,000美元的价格在本字符串的拍卖中胜出。



后续拍卖会按照计划 [PDF, 253 KB]在2014年余下时间至2015年初期间每月举行。拍卖会旨在同时解决多个字符争用集的问题。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."