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ICANN 启动年龄多样性和参与调查


洛杉矶 – 2019 年 3 月 21 日 – 互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 启动了一项调查,用于确定 ICANN 社群中当前对年龄多样性的看法。这项调查还旨在找出潜在的参与壁垒。



这项调查将于 4 月 19 日(世界协调时 23:59)结束。调查回复将采取匿名形式,并将按照 ICANN 隐私政策进行使用。这项调查现提供以下语言版本:阿拉伯语、中文、英语、法语、葡萄牙语、俄语和西班牙语。

为了号召社群针对这些主题提供更多数据,我们创建了年龄多样性和参与调查。这是 2017 年针对性别多样性开展的试验调查的一项跟进工作。ICANN 组织将针对差距、看法和潜在后续步骤编写一份分析报告。这些数据将帮助 ICANN 找到改善年龄多样性的方式,同时支持兼容并蓄的广泛参与流程。



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."