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IDN ccTLD 快速通道流程最新版(含风险缓和措施评估)现已发布

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洛杉矶——2019 年 3 月 29 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, lCANN) 于今天宣布发布最新版《国际化域名 (IDN) 国家和地区顶级域 (ccTLD) 快速通道流程最终实施规划 (FIP)》。该规划囊括了 ccNSO-SSAC 联合回复 [PDF, 214 KB] 中提出的、ICANN 董事会已于 2017 年 10 月 29 日通过的调整项目。

最新版 IDN ccTLD FIP [PDF, 988 KB] 囊括了在字符串相似度审核流程之后进行的风险缓和措施评估的实施步骤。这种针对 IDN ccTLD 字符串的相关请求人进行的评估将依据风险缓和措施评估指南 [PDF, 285 KB]一文来执行。ICANN 将通知相关 IDN ccTLD 快速通道请求人,告知其有权请求针对已提交的 IDN ccTLD 字符串进行评估。请求人将拥有三个月的时间来提交请求,并依据最新版 IDN ccTLD FIP [PDF, 988 KB]提出缓和措施。

这份最新版规划 [PDF, 988 KB] 现已取代于 2013 年 11 月 5 日发布的旧版 IDN ccTLD FIP [PDF, 850 KB]。如需查看旧版 FIP,请参见:https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/fast-track-2012-02-25-en

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."