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提案征询 (RFP):ICANN 监察官办公室的评估


互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (ICANN) 正在征召一名提供商对监察官办公室(以下简称"监察官")展开独立评估。

监察官执行着一项重要职能;他为 ICANN 社群提供了一种非正式争议解决方式。社群成员中如果有人希望就 ICANN 员工、董事会或支持组织中出现的问题提出投诉,都可以使用这一流程。设立这间办公室旨在确保 ICANN 社群成员都能得到公正待遇。

发布本轮 RFP 旨在寻找一名独立评估人,对目前监察官办公室的章程和运营(包括该办公室在 ICANN 社群中所起到的特殊作用)进行一次全面评估,对比这些流程和相关最佳实践,并提出必要的建议,确保监察官办公室能够拥有所需的工具、独立性和权力,成为 ICANN 利益相关方们能够有效表达意见的渠道。

本轮审核预计将在 2017 年 3 月 1 日至 2017 年 4 月 15 日期间进行。

如需查看本 RFP 的完整信息,包括时间表,请参见此处 [PDF, 589 KB]。

请使用以下电邮地址发送您的意向。所有提案应在太平洋标准时间 (PST) 2017 年 1 月 31 日 23:59 时前通过 ICANN 采购工具用电子形式提交,请联系上述电邮地址获取访问采购工具的权利。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."