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Politique de consensus proposée pour la protection de certains noms de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge dans tous les domaines génériques de premier niveau

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Date d'ouverture : 21 novembre 2018 Date de clôture : 14 décembre 2018
Organisation à l'origine de la consultation : GNSO
Catégories/Étiquettes : Processus d'élaboration de politiques, accords entre parties contractées
Bref aperçu : Conformément aux statuts constitutifs de l'ICANN, cette consultation publique vise à donner au public une occasion raisonnable de commenter la politique de consensus proposée pour protéger certains noms de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge dans tous les domaines génériques de premier niveau, avant qu'elle ne soit soumise à la considération du Conseil d'administration de l'ICANN. Le Conseil de la GNSO a approuvé cette politique de consensus en septembre 2018 et recommande son adoption par le Conseil d'administration de l'ICANN. Après la clôture de la consultation publique, qui reste ouverte pendant un délai minimum de 21 jours comme prévu dans les statuts de l'ICANN, la politique de consensus proposée et tous les commentaires pertinents reçus seront envoyés au Conseil d'administration de l'ICANN pour examen et décision.
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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."