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RAA 协商 – 更新


在布拉格会议召开前夕,ICANN 公布一系列关于注册服务商委任协议 (RAA) 修正案协商情况的文件。尽管 ICANN 和注册服务商在协商中取得了进展,但是协商还未完成,在关键领域还存在分歧。对于 ICANN 来说,首要问题是 Whois 验证和数据保留要求;在这些问题上,ICANN 和注册服务商未能对执法机构建议的某些方面达成一致意见。由于这两个问题非常重要,ICANN 和注册服务商未能在布拉格会议召开前公布统一的、经协商的修正案。下文摘录的备忘录对此进行了更全面的解释;所公布的 RAA 草案体现了 ICANN 最近的提案。

  • RAA 协商摘要备忘录 [PDF, 100 KB] 中,我们提供了协商情况的详细信息,还提供了关于我们提议在 2012 年 6 月25 日布拉格会议期间的公众讨论会议上进行讨论的主题的讨论情况。随附的摘要图表 [PDF, 68 KB] 提供了对 12 条执法机构建议的协商情况以及其他协商主题的简短说明。这些文件分别反映出 ICANN 对协商情况的理解。

  • 2012 RAA 草案 [PDF, 244 KB] 是 ICANN 对新 RAA 的最新提案,而不是一份经协商的文件。尽管草案中纳入了众多已成为 ICANN 和注册服务商协商小组之间协商主题的问题,草案仍然明确了 ICANN 当前在一系列问题的协商工作上的立场,这些问题包括数据保留、Whois 验证、分销商关系等。2012 RAA 草案仅供讨论,不反映或包含最终或经批准的内容。ICANN 没有公布 2012 RAA 草案与 2009 RAA 的修订比较,这是因为文件的主要部分已被重新构建或重新组织,如果以修订标记显示,则不便于阅读。相反,为了便于阅读 2012 RAA 草案中提议的修改,我们提供一份修改摘要 [PDF, 343 KB] 文件,其中讨论了对 2009 RAA 进行的修

    2012 RAA 草案中包括了 ICANN 对众多单独规范的提案,这些单独规范将作为 RAA 的附件;此处分别以 ICANN 提案草案的形式列出:

由于草案还未最终确认,ICANN 在此阶段还未征求关于 2012 RAA 草案中具体条款和规定的意见。我们欢迎对 RAA 协商摘要备忘录中确定的讨论主题提供反馈,为布拉格会议期间的机构群体讨论提供信息。如果您想提供一般反馈,请在 RAA 协商情况维客中进行评论。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."