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ICANN 启动根服务器系统咨询委员会第 2 轮审核调查 (RSSAC2) 以搜集社群建议

Why this matters


洛杉矶——2017 年 11 月 27 日——今天,执行 ICANN 根服务器系统咨询委员会第 2 轮审核 (RSSAC2) 工作的独立审核人 Interisle 公司宣布启动调查,面向曾与根服务器系统咨询委员会 (Root Server System Advisory Committee, RSSAC) 有过接触的人员和/或对改善该委员会拥有一定想法的人员搜集意见和建议。请点击以下链接参与调查,分享您的看法:。本调查将于 2017 年 12 月 20 日结束。


《ICANN 章程》中的第 4.4 节:ICANN 架构和运营的定期审核中规定要对 RSSAC 进行定期审核。

RSSAC 在 ICANN 内部扮演着重要角色,负责针对互联网根服务器系统的运营、管理、安全和完整性等事务向 ICANN 社群和董事会提出建议。该机构负责与互联网技术社群和 ICANN 社群沟通协调有关根服务器及其多个镜像的运营事务。RSSAC 为参与域名系统服务器运营事务的协议技术修订和最佳实践工作的人员搜集并明确相关要求,并对根服务器系统持续开展威胁评估和风险分析,以及负责处理其他事务。


本调查结束后,独立审核人将分析调查结果和在 ICANN60 会议、IETF100 会议和其他论坛期间搜集的面谈建议,并将这些反馈意见编入将于 2018 年 2 月发布的评估报告。



ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."