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Rapport thématique : PDP de la ccNSO relatif au retrait et au mécanisme de révision des ccTLD

Date d’ouverture : 24 mai 2017 Date de clôture : 10 juillet 2017
Organisation à l’origine de la consultation : Organisation de soutien aux extensions géographiques (ccNSO)
Catégories/Étiquettes : Élaboration de politiques ; sécurité et stabilité ; ISO 3166 ; noms de domaine de premier niveau géographiques ; mécanismes de révision
Bref aperçu :
  • Le Conseil de la ccNSO a initié le troisième processus d’élaboration de politiques de la ccNSO lors de sa réunion à Copenhague, à l’occasion de l’ICANN58. Dans le cadre du démarrage de ce processus, un appel à contributions et à commentaires sur les questions définies dans le rapport thématique a été lancé.
  • À l’issue de la période de consultation publique, les commentaires reçus seront recueillis par le responsable des questions relatives au PDP de la ccNSO dans un rapport qui sera communiqué au Groupe de travail (WG) de la ccNSO sur le PDP relatif au retrait des ccTLD. Plus tard, ces informations seront communiquées au groupe de travail de la ccNSO sur le PDP destiné à élaborer un mécanisme de révision pour des décisions portant sur la délégation, le transfert, la révocation et le retrait de ccTLD.
Lien : https://www.icann.org/public-comments/ccnso-pdp-retirement-review-2017-05-24-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."