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Transición de la custodia de las funciones de la IANA ejercidas por la NTIA - Proceso de desarrollo de la propuesta y pasos a seguir

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En el día de hoy, la ICANN ha publicado el Proceso de desarrollo de la propuesta y pasos a seguir que constituye la culminación de una serie de debates y aportes de la comunidad respecto del proceso para desarrollar una propuesta para la transición de las funciones de la IANA a la comunidad global de múltiples partes interesadas (para más información, los invitamos a consultar el portal dedicado a la transición de la custodia de las funciones de la IANA ejercidas por la NTIA).

En el documento se plasman múltiples puntos de vista expresados en distintos foros, y se establece la creación de un Grupo de Coordinación, a la vez que se indica su composición. Asimismo, entre otras iniciativas, se invita a las comunidades representadas en el Grupo de Coordinación a que inicien sus procesos internos para seleccionar a sus miembros representantes antes del 2 de julio de 2014 a las 23:59 UTC, de conformidad con la cantidad de puestos que les hayan sido asignados.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."