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金·戴维斯 (Kim Davies) 现被任命担任互联网号码分配机构 (IANA) 职能副总裁兼公共技术标识符 (PTI) 总裁

洛杉矶——2017 年 12 月 15 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日宣布互联网号码分配机构 (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, IANA) 技术服务主管金·戴维斯 (Kim Davies) 现被任命为 IANA 服务副总裁兼公共技术标识符 (Public Technical Identifiers, PTI) 总裁。

公共技术标识符 (PTI) 负责互联网唯一标识符的协调运营,提供中立、负责和有效的服务,维护社群对这类服务的信赖。

随着爱丽丝·格里琪 (Elise Gerich) 宣布离任,ICANN 组织与 PTI 董事会一起针对她所担任的职务展开了全面详尽的搜索,试图找到适当接任人选。该职务的空缺吸引了许多申请人,其中许多人员都符合接任资格。

戴维斯作为 IANA 服务的副总裁,将向 ICANN 全球域名分部 (Global Domains Division, GDD) 总裁阿克兰·阿特拉 (Akram Atallah) 汇报工作。"金·戴维斯是这一职务的天然接任人。在长期担任技术服务主管期间,他对 IANA 和 PTI 建立了广泛而深入的了解,"阿特拉表示。"我还要特别感谢爱丽丝所做的工作,她在推动 IANA 部门成为可靠有效和客户服务的典范时,是一股中坚力量。

任职后,戴维斯将负责确保 IANA 的职能得到安全、稳定和有效执行,并承诺实现卓越运营。作为 PTI 的总裁,他还是 PTI 董事会中五名成员之一。

"通过辛勤和努力,IANA 团队已将自己定位成为技术社群的领军人,"戴维斯表示。"随着我们继续向前发展,我希望大家能够关注不断优化业务流程,巩固社群对我们提供服务能力的信心。"

戴维斯将在格里琪正式离任后,于 2018 年 1 月 1 日走马上任。

戴维斯于 2005 年加入本组织,担任根区服务经理和技术联络人,后又担任技术服务主管。入职 ICANN 以前,他曾担任欧洲理事会国家和地区顶级域注册管理机构 (Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries) 的技术政策顾问,且自上世纪 90 年代中期以来一直积极参与 ICANN 社群的各方面事务。

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."