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在多伦多会议召开前夕,ICANN 和注册服务商公布了两份关于注册服务商委任协议 (RAA) 修正案协商情况的文件。自从布拉格会议之后,我们取得了重大的进展,但仍有一些重要问题未解决。我们将举行六次协商会议,包括一次有政府咨询委员会成员和司法界代表参加的全天协商会议。根据之前的报告,在许多方面都设定了协议,涵盖了几乎所有的司法建议。在余下两个仍需讨论的建议中,ICANN 和注册服务商将很快就 Whois 验证和数据保留的问题达成协商结果。

对于 Whois 验证,已开发了一个能够提高 Whois 准确度的框架,然而 ICANN 和注册服务商仍没有就需要验证的域数量达成一致。

对于数据保留,司法代表、注册服务商和 ICANN 之间的讨论表明,三方已就双层次保留计划达成原则性共识,这将有助于划分数据准确度责任。关于各事项的更多细节以及其它司法要求的协商情况,请查阅今日发布的文件:

RAA 协商情况更新 [PDF, 96 KB]:该备忘文件记录了自布拉格会议以来的协商情况以及需要进一步征询机构群体意见的一些问题。

协商情况汇总表 [PDF, 180 KB]:该文件记录了 12 项司法要求中每一项的协商情况,并注明了需要进行讨论的其余事项。在文件末尾还确定了注册服务商和 ICANN 对 RAA 中一些额外事项的重要要求。

鉴于这些方面是协商的焦点所在,ICANN 和注册服务商还未能就 RAA 中的所有条款和条件达成充分的协商共识。协商完成后,我们将公布完整草案,进行公众意见征询。在此之前,ICANN 和注册服务商欢迎您对汇总备忘录中确定的讨论主题提供反馈,为多伦多会议期间的机构群体讨论提供信息。请将您的意见发送至 RAA 协商情况维客

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."