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ICANN 启用新建赋权社群网页


25/5/17——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 于今日发布三个赋权社群网站。

赋权社群主网页介绍了这个新社群架构的目的和工作范围等信息。该网站还介绍了执行社群权力的详细流程和时间表,任何已经行驶的权力的最新情况,例如:考量董事会对一项《基本章程》调整项目的批准事务。 [PDF, 238 KB] ICANN 还为赋权社群管理机构赋权社群的相关信函建设了网页。

"ICANN 致力于支持 ICANN 社群的工作,确保赋权社群机制尽可能有效和透明。"ICANN 政策制定支持高级副总裁戴维·奥利佛 (David Olive) 表示。"这些新的网页旨在为社群提供任何已行驶权力和流程进展的明确信息。"

赋权社群是 ICANN 支持组织和咨询委员会依据加利福尼亚州 (California) 法律规定而组织起来用于合法行使社群权力的机制。社群权力和治理原则均已在 ICANN《企业设立章程》和《章程》中有所规定。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."