Skip to main content

《意向书》征询:ICANN 独立审核流程常任专家组


洛杉矶——2020 年 3 月 31 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现征召专家组成员加入 ICANN 独立审核流程 (Independent Review Process, IRP) 综合常任专家组。本轮《意向书 (Expressions of Interest, EOI)》提交的截止时间为世界协调时 2020 年 7 月 31 日 23:59 时。

IRP 综合常任专家组的候选人应当在提交前阅读《意向书》征询一文。这份文件包括以下信息:

  • 专家组职务描述
  • 必需或优先考虑的各项技能
  • 必需或优先考虑的经验
  • 时间承诺
  • 报酬和选取


ICANN 独立审核流程的背景

ICANN 的独立审核流程是一种仲裁形式,旨在当受影响相关方声称 ICANN 的行为不符合《企业设立章程 (Articles of Incorporation)》或《章程 (Bylaws)》时,提供一轮独立第三方审核。IRP 是一套关键问责机制,要求 ICANN 董事会和组织承担责任。设立一个常任专家组来听取这类请求是实现具有法律约束力、连贯一致的结果的重要组成部分。

ICANN 在其《章程》中承诺,ICANN 社群有责任参与确定该常任专家组的最终构成。ICANN 组织向支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO) 和咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 征询了意见,了解如何让社群参与到本流程中来。这些建议和后续步骤的摘要请参见此处。ICANN 组织还将再次了解 SO 和 AC 的意见,继续开展社群协调工作。


ICANN 组织鼓励 ICANN 社群在您的社交网络内广泛传播这份《意向书》征询文件,帮助我们吸引拥有优秀技能和多样背景的候选人们。本轮《意向书》提交的截止时间为 2020 年 7 月 31 日 23:59 时,请提交至


ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑或其他设备中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。ICANN 成立于 1998 年,是一家非营利公益型企业,其社群成员遍布全球各地。

More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."