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拟定 gTLD 注册数据访问协议 (RDAP) 简介现已出炉


评议开放日期: 2018 年 8 月 31 日 截止日期: 2018 年 10 月 13 日
发起组织: 全球域名分部
类别/标签: 签约方协议
简介: ICANN 董事会于 2018 年 5 月 17 日通过的《gTLD 注册数据临时规范 (Temporary Specification for gTLD Registration Data)》要求编写 gTLD-注册数据访问协议 (gTLD-RDAP) 简介,用于在 gTLD 领域内启用注册数据访问协议 (RDAP) 服务的先决条件。ICANN 组织现已收到一份来自 gTLD 注册管理机构和注册服务机构讨论小组的提案,并针对这份提案征询社群的反馈意见。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."