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评议开放日期: 2018 年 6 月 11 日 截止日期: 2018 年 7 月 27 日
发起组织: 公共责任支持部
类别/标签: 审核/改进、合作/参与
简介: 本轮公共评议期旨在针对拟定《新版英才计划方案》征询社群意见,并作为社群协商流程的一个环节,审核现有运作,确定"英才计划"未来的发展愿景。本文件反映了使用一份问卷调查所搜集的支持组织 (Supporting Organizations, SO)、咨询委员会 (Advisory Committees, AC) 和相关利益相关方团体和社群的意见和建议,以及其他相关公众意见。公共责任支持部将使用所搜集的反馈意见编制一份《最终报告》,向社群发布最新动态和实施方案。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."