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评议开放日期: 2018 年 5 月 14 日 截止日期: 2018 年 7 月 31 日
发起组织: 多利益相关方战略和战略计划 (MSSI)
类别/标签: 审核/改进、问责制/透明度、章程
简介: 本轮公共评议期旨在针对长期方案征询公众意见,从而确保 ICANN 的各项审核工作(包括特定审核和组织审核)的时间安排更加合理,采取更实际、更长久的方式来执行 ICANN 的问责制和透明度义务。本提案针对现有特定和组织审核时间表中所遇到的挑战进行了详细分析。其中谈及了 ICANN 必须按照《章程》规定推进审核工作时所遇到的限制,并讨论了社群可以加以考量的各项原则和相关方案。这轮公共评议期旨在为未来工作制订一套长久可行的审核时间表。

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."