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《ICANN 2018 财年运营规划和预算》草案公共评议员工报告现已发布

2017 年 6 月 2 日,ICANN 发布了针对《ICANN 2018 财年运营规划和预算 (ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget)》草案的公共评议员工报告,并发布了一份《五年运营规划 (Five-Year Operating Plan)》最新版。这些文件发布后在 2017 年 3 月 8 日至 2017 年 4 月 28 日期间启动了公共评议期,征询社群意见。根据员工报告,这些文件还将纳入必要的修订内容,并在接下来几周内再次启动公共评议期。

ICANN 认可并感谢所有在这次公共评议期间发表意见的利益相关方们。在 ICANN 的规划和预算编制流程中引入社群和公众的参与是 ICANN 多利益相关方模型的发展基石。

ICANN 预计将在 ICANN59 约翰内斯堡会议期间举行的董事会会议中,通过拟定的《2018 财年运营规划和预算》和最新版《五年运营规划》。

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."